These countries with lots of drought often have deadly dry seasons and short rainy seasons. Most of the countries affected by drought are African countries or places near the equator that receive a lot of direct sunlight. Droughts being hard to define, often vary in many factors. A drought could last a few days, or even a few centuries. An example of this could be a drought in Europe lasting just a few weeks and not being very severe, but a drought
Presently, the Philippines is confronting serious negative results of the unwanted adjustments in two seasons. During the dry season, it is noticeable that the gradual increase of surface temperature that leads to El Niño affects the country 's various sectors such as water resource from dams, agricultural productions, and human healthcare. The most widely recognized impact of El Niño is drought and reduced rainfall that may last a year. For instance, last May 2015, Angat Dam, the supplier of 97 percent of Metro Manila 's local water needs, breached its 180-meter minimum operating level due to the lack of rain over the Bulacan watershed. Consequently, agricultural productions were affected when the dam shutdowns farm irrigation after it reached 179.67 meters bringing about the loss of crops additional operational cost.
A rise by 3 degrees by 2040 and up to 5-6 degrees is forecast in temperature by the end of the century. Agricultural productivity of Pakistan not only declines from high temperature but also from droughts, huge flooding and from soil degradation, which is an outcome of temperature variability. This results in shortage of food for the people who are completely dependent on agriculture. Climate change poses serious threats to even farmers in Pakistan who live in isolated, marginal areas such as mountains, dry lands and deserts areas who are deficient in natural
According to Kitissou(2014), In 2003 the drought causing Ethiopia's starvation which increased the hunger, so the president of Malawi announced that he would help his farmers by extends them with seeds and fertilizers, but it was not enough because drought affected South Africa in economics growth very badly. Kitissou(2014) added that in 2010 an Organization arrived from Spain, Canada and the Unites States awarded South Africa for 880$million.But this money was not enough because there are more than 2 billion people suffer from hunger in the world. It is agreed that there were many efforts tried to solve the hunger problem. But these efforts did not solve this problem completely because the percent of the hunger in South Africa is not
In more recent years, growing populations in the Amazon region, combined with increased viability of agricultural operations, have caused a further rise in deforestation rates. Vietnam’s forests, significantly damaged by war, have now been degraded or destroyed by logging and agricultural land clearance to the point where there is almost no untouched primary forest left. And the wider Greater Mekong region is predicted to be one of the world’s hottest “deforestation fronts” over the next 15 years if nothing is done.
Climate change is having an extreme impact on this issue and it can determine our future. The water cycle’s process depends on the weather and since it is constantly changing dramatically there is a risk of radical droughts and drastic rain. When water evaporates from the land and sea, it usually enters back into Earth as rain or snow however, due to temperatures increasing there is additional evaporation occurring which means we are receiving less water from the atmosphere. Droughts can not only cause drinking water to be scarce but it can also kill crops and farm animals as well as turn fertile land to desert (Woodward, 2008). In addition, rising temperatures has allowed air to store more water vapor which can lead to intense rain storms.
That alone, would affect the world dramatically because it would decrease the amount of crops planted and sold each year. According to Earth Eclipse, it stated, “The increased loss of the ecosystems including wetlands, wildlife, rainforests, coral reefs, aquatic life forms, and grasslands are highly influenced by overpopulation. For example, rainforests originally covered 14% of the entire earth’s surface. Today, rainforest only cover about 6% of the earth’s surface and scientists’ project it may even become less in the next four decades” This text evidence proves that overpopulation can cause us to lose more of the landscapes that already
In the case of flooding and overflowing rivers, where the water causing drifting in the destruction of many villages and towns, and the elimination of agricultural land and the destruction of crops. Therefore, this cause a severe shortage of food resources availability. For example, the famine in the continent of Europe during the fourteenth century, where it continued to rain for more than a year! In 1929(wekipedia,2009). Also a famine occurred in China claimed the lives of nearly two million people after the flood Hwang River.
ntroduction The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), defines famine as a complete inaccessibility of food in a given area leading to death (Tran, 2012). The percentage of undernourished people, in sub-Saharan Africa, has increase from twenty eight per cent in 2004–2006 to twenty nine per cent in 2008, while developing countries have an average of seventeen percent for the same period (UN, 2009). This indicates a contradiction to achieving the Millennium Development Goal 1, which is to halve the population living in hunger by 2015 from 1990, both globally and in Africa. USAid funds the World Food Programme (WFP), a programme that initiated the Food Security Nutrition Assessment (FSNA), in order to monitor the world’s food security status.
A drought is described as an extended duration of time with an absence of resources, usually a lack of water and/or sources of water. The absence of water sources has been a problem for as long as time itself and continues to negatively impact lives today. This is noticeably similar, but not to be confused with, poverty. Poverty is also an inadequacy of resources but is typically associated with economic, social, and political components. Both drought and poverty have countless repercussions and consequences worsening the quality of life for many.