The Cause And Effects Of Malnutrition In Pakistan

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INTRODUCTION “Recent research shows that many children who do not have enough to eat wind up with diminished capacity to understand and learn. Children don’t have to be starving for this to happen. Even mild undernutrition– the kind most common among poor people . ” (Carl Sagan)

In children under five or five year age malnutrition is considered as one of the major public health concern in all developing countries, in Pakistan children under five or five year have extremely poor nutritional status. Talking about the causes of malnutrition in Pakistan, it is mainly due to poverty and food insecurity, the most important factors include low consumption of food and foods with low nutritional value. Adequate and proper nutrition is essential among all groups of ages but plays a vital role in early childhood to ensure proper physical, emotional as well as mental development. Adequate nutrition is crucial for strong immune system and enhanced their natural abilities to fight against infections. The Children who are well nourished are physically, emotionally and intellectually more productive than malnourished children. Malnutrition in children not only effect their physical growth and development but it also impairs their cognitive abilities and development and can lead to abnormalities.
The dominant reason of morbidity and mortality in children is malnutrition which is increasing day by day. According to the recent researches 60% mortality rate (Laghari, et al., 2015

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