The Cause And Negative Effects Of Mangroves In Thailand

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Background
Mangroves help stabilize lives in significant ways. For example, mangroves are healthy fisheries, providing refuges and nurseries for the marine, and protecting them from erosion and natural disasters such as tropical storms or tidal waves. However, the conversion of coastal lands for development of charcoal production, tourism, or the controversial practice of shrimp aquaculture has been a significant loss cause in much of Asia, particularly in Thailand. From 1975 to 1993, according to a recent report by UNEP, it is presumed that about half of Thailand’s mangroves have been lost.
Trang is one of 76 provinces located in the middle of southern Thailand, with 190 kilometers of coastline along the Andaman Sea. Most of the population living here were in the fishing villages of the Sikao and Kantang districts along the coast. Up until the 1960s, these villages mainly depended on their once-rich coastal fisheries as well as medicinal plants, and fuels from mangroves. In that period, however, the newly upgraded trawlers started destroying the villages’ natural and social capital. When large trawlers began fishing, they broke into the 3-km coastal zone where the villagers used to fish. To make matters worse, mangrove forests were opened up to concessionaires who started clearing them to make charcoal for barbecues. At the same time, some of the poorest villagers could not stand any longer not to accept low-paid jobs like cutting mangroves for concessionaires or working

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