William Shakespeare’s Hamlet intricately weaves in a dualistic the theme of cowardice and bravery in the spiralling plot revolving around the palpable effects of King Hamlet’s death. The young prince, distraught by the recent death of his beloved father as well as his mother’s hasty marriage to his uncle, oscillates between decisions “to be or not to be.”*to act or not to act- Throughout the majority of the play, Prince Hamlet fails to take action, hence remaining in a state of neither being or not being. Hamlet’s emotional state, in turmoil due to grief and rage, further deteriorates after the unanticipated appearance of the Ghost of King Hamlet in the first Act. After hearing the Ghost’s story in which the present king, Claudius, is King
He said it is not his place to do so and that heaven will judge her when it comes time. The ghost also tells him that he fell asleep in the garden and Claudius poured poison in his ear to kill him. Hamlets fear about his uncle was true after all. “O my prophetic soul!” he cries (1.5.40). After finding out all this information, Hamlet was in a dark spot that lead him to acting insane to investigate the accusations that his father had made.
Hamlet is thought to have gone mad over the death of his fath, Hamlet Sr. He is depressed over his father’s death and furious that his mother,Gertrude, married his uncle, Claudius, so soon after her husband’s death. He truly had fallen under serious grief, even contemplating suicide. It is not until he learns from his father’s ghost that his father had been poisoned by Claudius that this begins to change. Hamlet was plotting his uncle’s murder, something the majority of people would view as completely insane, but it is how he plotted this murder that makes it clear that he is not mad.
King Hamlet comes to Hamlet as a ghost to tell him to kill Claudius, but it takes Hamlet the whole play to finally fulfill his father’s wish since he fears the consequences of murdering the king of Denmark. This affects Hamlet’s mental health and relationship with his mother as he considers committing suicide as well as blaming his mother to help him recover from his father’s death. Through Hamlet’s anger towards his uncle, depression, and blame towards his mother in conflict with his fears of killing his uncle, having God mad at him, and hurting his mother, Shakespeare explains that people often desire revenge, but feel too fearful to fulfill it. Claudius becomes king after killing Hamlet’s father and marrying his brother’s wife, establishing Hamlet’s negative attitude towards him throughout the play. The king also talks condescendingly towards Hamlet in multiple instances, making Hamlet more angry that his relative does not
In the days following his beloved father, and king 's death, Hamlet becomes obsessed, almost to the point of insanity with death, and throughout the course of the play, Hamlet ponders death from a great many perspectives, this is shown by the death of Polonius. As Hamlet enters his mother Gertrude 's room, he frightens her by questioning her love for him, his father, and her new lover. As it had been apparent that Hamlet had been descending into a mental realm of madness, she mistook his anger as crazy man 's thirst for blood, and cried out a plea for help. Upon hearing this, Polonius, who was positioned behind a curtain, so as to spy on Hamlet, echoes her plea for help, and is promptly heard by Hamlet. Hamlet, mistaking Polonius for Claudius, deftly removes his blade from his holster and stabs through the curtain,surprising both Polonius and himself, as he had believed that the man he was about to kill was Claudius.
Subsequently, he equips an artificial mask of madness at the beginning of the play in order to fulfill his father 's wishes. However, as the plot continues Hamlet is overcome by the grief sparked by the heinous events that allow Claudius hold the throne, the bloodthirsty task that faces him, and the reemergence of his Oedipal desires. Thus, Hamlet succumbs to a mental state of decay spearheaded by his artificial madness as he embodies the essence of insanity. Don Nardo delves into two critical layers of “truths” with regards to the title character Hamlet: the corrupted world, and solitude. These layers symbolize the walls that must be breached in order to invoke madness.
This shows Macbeth 's hopelessness that his life will not have meaning just like the plays in history that have been forgotten. Lastly, shakespeare uses negative diction such as “idiot”(V, 5, 27), “fury”(V, 5, 27) and “nothing.”(V, 5, 28) This allows the audience to feel the negative connotation Macbeth has towards life and people. Macbeth feels like his life is now meaningless now that he has killed everybody that at one point he considered an acquaintance like Banquo and his death
For example, the prince`s cruel and irrational behaviour towards his love interest Ophelia which leads to her suicide indicates that he was possibly not in the right frame of mind. Another example would be that he plays with the idea of madness on several occasions often appearing distorted, creating speculation about whether or not the prince is insane. It is only when Hamlet contemplates suicide “to be or not to be that is the question” (Hamlet,3.1) that he finally begins to recognise the permanency of death as being “the undiscovered country from whose bourn no traveller returns” (Hamlet, 3.1). It appears that he accepts the likelihood of the ghost not descending from purgatory after all, supporting the argument that the character is a figment of his
The tragedy of Hamlet, by William Shakespeare conveys the catastrophic lives and deaths of the royalty in Denmark, and how each others trickery and actions lead to the demise of everyone involved. In the disastrous play, deaths and the secret causes of these murders are brought to life, forcing the insanity in the play to begin. Hamlet and Ophelia’s madness inadvertently infects everyone involved, whether the madness is real or not.There is a variation of madness in Hamlet, but the difference between Ophelia and Hamlet’s is that one is true madness while the other fades throughout the entirety of the play. Ophelia’s madness impacts the majority of her personal life very negatively, whilst Hamlet fakes madness negatively affects the ones around him. The death of Hamlet’s father and him discovering that the new King Claudius murdered him, leads Hamlet to the brilliant idea of portraying a mad man.
Emily Dickinson once said “Much madness is divinest Sense— To a discerning Eye—“. This type of madness can be found in the play “Hamlet by William Shakespeare. Though many characters show madness throughout the play, Ophelia’s madness is the most prevalent. Ophelia has good reason for this irrational behavior because of the trauma she has gone through. First, her boyfriend dumps her, then he calls her vulgar names, and lastly, he kills her father.
Macbeth considers himself a sinner,“Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash...”(II.ii.58-59) and the inability to say “ Amen...”(Shakespeare II.II.24). Moreover, following Banquo’s murder, Macbeth’s guilt is revealed through visual hallucinations of Banquo’s ghost. Furthermore, when Macbeth hears of his wife’s death, Macbeth believes life is meaningless and is nothing “but a walking shadow...” (Shakespeare V.v.24-28). To summarize, the desire for power and murderous deeds leads to Macbeth’s immense guilt, ultimately leading to his mental decline. In conclusion, Macbeth desire for power leads him to the wrong path and brings him to the mental deterioration stages.