This reminded them too much of a king so they were worried about being controlled. To stop from Catholics from having too much sway in America, Americans started treating the them as less than people. Jenkins used the comparison of the prejudice in the 19th century to the prejudice against blacks in the 1960’s and 1970’s. This comparison makes it really easy for people in modern times to understand what it was like to be Catholic back in the 19th century. Catholics were treated as less than people.
They used propaganda such as books, flyers, and pamphlets in order to get rid of Catholicism, as the KKK considered people of the Catholic faith to be loyal only to the Pope of Rome and not the United States. The KKK struggled and ultimately succeeded in gaining political advantages in order to gain more influence in the United States, as well as to help avoid punishment for their prosecution of the Catholic people and their property. It was with great perseverance that the Catholic religion in the early 1900s struggled to stay relevant in the changing times and fought against the KKK in order to avoid persecution and unjust
Charles then appointed two catholic ministers to the Cabal, this issue was clearly one which could have been avoided had Charles been more shrewd. Charles did little to address the role of parliament and did nothing to solve the problems that had to led to war. The fears of Catholicism were reignited when James II took the throne; he was a political liability from the offset announcing he was a catholic, this lack of political awareness allowed him to be the brunt of suspicion. Consequently he was later removed from the throne as he posed a threat to the Protestant religion and the rule of law. James’ personality alienated the political nation; to such an extent that it was not divided over opinion, but completely rejected him.
However, that wasn’t the only reason. He wanted to divorce Catharine of Aragon because she could not give him a male heir, so he started liking Anne Boleyn. King Henry decided that he would have to separate from the Roman Catholic Church to divorce Catharine because the Pope would not allow it. But he needed reasons that had more validity. He, and the men supporting him, saw things in the Catholic religion that they did not completely agree with.
During the 1830’s, here was a political backlash on immigration, specifically because of the fact that most immigrants at that time were Catholic. This was troublesome because back in the 1500’s the protestants split from the Catholic Church, and this new wave of immigration sparked fear that the number of Catholics would grow. The reason that this fear was made possible was because even though the United States constitution does not explicitly mention god, religion has had influence on politics. An example of religion having influence over politics was the Anti-Saloon League in 1895, which was a protestant movement aimed at democratic government and local rights which also incorporated an anti-Catholic sentiment. This group was the first major religiously motivated to successfully have an impact on politics in the United States.
Puritanism was a religious movement that was created after the Church of England’s insufficient reform. This occurred after King Henry VIII transformed the the Church of Rome into the state Church of England. This change was inadequate and left many people dissatisfied with the newly reformed church. As of this, a popular group of Puritans were formed in the late 16th centaury to live a life closer to God. This group of radicals were persecuted for their overly religious ways and were forced to relocate to North America.
Martin believed that the long tradition of papal and ecclesiastical authority was unfounded in the Christian Scripture, and was thus immoral to exercise over the laity. It was the long standing belief in the Catholic Church that the Christian population was led by the pope, who was the direct connection between God the earthly world; this philosophy was known as the Gregorian “Two Sword Theory.” According this theory, spirituality and secular life were two edges of the same sword, a sword wielded by the pope; in this sense, the pope was not only the final say in matters of salvation, but also in matters of society and legality. Luther’s true goal was to replace this shameless and dishonest hierarchy within the Church with his “Two Kingdom Theory.” According to the turbulent monk, the Kingdom of Heaven was distinct from the secular world of earth.
America was built on immigration; Europeans came to America in search of a new life and the rest of the world followed. People came to America for all different reasons: to flee war, to escape oppression, to have a voice in the government, to worship freely, and to leave poverty behind. Little has changed in the past five hundred years; people are still coming to America in search of a new life. According to a Gallup survey reported by Jon Clifton between 2007 and 2012, 150 million adults want to move to America. This number is 23% of the total 640 million who want to leave their country permanently (Clifton).
The sight of the church ornamented with gold and jewels seemed unfair to the people. The church would often preach against greed which seemed hypocritical to the masses. This was considering the amount of great wealth displayed by the church. The church would also ask that relics not be offered by those who have committed sin, yet teach that no man can be named blameless. According to the Pardoner, “But whoso finds himself without such blame, he will come up and offer in God’s name” (2).
So they decided to side with Luther since they thought he proved their demands worked alongside the scripture,” In response, they rebelled. Luther was not in agreement with with the Peasants because, “They were trying to prove their point themselves and be the dictators of their own decisions. They were also Christian, but did not use the Christian name for a good purpose.” Lohse(55) He disagreed with the Upper class because of their policy and oppression, which was the cause of unfairness to the peasants.
He argued that Christians will be disturbing the peace and those who do are rebelling and are disobedient. If you become disobedient to the king, you are also disobeying God. Boucher argues that if God wanted them to have independence they would have had it, and they should be grateful and thankful with our without it. He says “Obedience to government is every man’s duty because it is ever man’s interest; but it is particularly incumbent on Christians, it is enjoined by the positive commands of God.” (#32; pg. 101)
Migrating to America was not easy back then as it is now. With America being a country with abundant of possibility and opportunity , people began to pursue the “American Dream” but entering a country of freedom had its setbacks, to be able to enter back then you had to come prepared to pass a medical examination that started the moment you arrived, and you were asked hundreds of questions for your tensions of being here in the United States of America. From back then and the time being now the process of immigration has changed dramatically. the whole idea of migrating to America was to escape from something constricting their right weather it was from religion or an unfair government, but getting here took some guts. the author writes
There is so much going on in the world today I had a hard time picking a subject because so many have impact on one another. I started out with religious diversity and got into religion being a reflection on race or ethnic. Then I thought about doing racial diversity, but then it tied into nationality diversity. Nationality diversity seems to sum up racial and religious diversity into the main cause of the other diversities. I have noticed ever since 9/11 nationality diversity against Islamic people in America and in general has been on the rise, but with everyone so worried about racism and being politically correct, it has been a slightly taboo subject.
As I walked down the street, I saw this huge line for what seemed like a mere simply hot soup lunch. As I shifted closer, I saw they were having a charity day in which they provided free lunch for the needy. The sheer number of people needy, however, struck me in awe. I realized that the recent talks of mass immigration was no rumor, immigrants were increasing every day; they came here and devalued work, forcing us citizens to quickly transition from a steady income to this competition for the simplest jobs. I stopped walking and thought about if I really wanted to spend the extra dollar to buy a satisfying lunch.
(Summer of 1879) As an African American wife who recently joined the western migration, along with my husband, I am optimistic about the opportunity we have to become landowners. Thanks to the new addition of the 13th amendment, my husband and I are considered lawful freedmen. We now have the right to live a lifestyle opposite of the suffering we endured back in the South.