After all it had started when a Serbian shot an Austrian. It was felt that Germany had been simply made a scapegoat by the other countries for all that had happened. Looking back it is clear that the Treaty of Versailles created more problems than it actually solved. The treaty broke up empires and changed boundaries. The Germans lost territory and other countries tried to weaken Germany’s military potential and strengthen their own to compensate for the destruction of their lands caused by the Germans.
The Cold War a time of political tension between the United States and Russia. The Western and Eastern fronts have different ideologies and since, “The West tended to overate Soviet power and hostility, which created hysteria, NATO was set up as a defense gesture by the Western Powers based on the fear of Russian aggression. In the States, President Truman initiated a document to stop the spread of Communism” (Knudtzon, “Eastern Europe: 1945-1989). The Western front was afraid of the Soviet Union because they were Communists. The democratic countries did not want Communism to spread to their countries and threaten their democracy.
Some might say, the real reason that the United States helped out was to stop the spreading of communism from Stalin, since Russia was along the borders of the Eastern Europe countries, and those were the countries US wanted to help. The USSR hated the idea of the Marshall Aid. America had two goals when it came to spending 13 billion dollars: Goal 1: USA had a feeling the more the countries were poor, the more they wanted to become communist. Thus, American’s giving aid would reconstruct their success in Europe. Goal 2: USA was trying to destabilize The Soviet Union in Eastern Europe.
The Germans also hated the loss of territory. Germany lost a tenth of its land and they claimed that the treaty was simply an attempt to destroy their economy. The Treaty forced German people to live in other countries. The people of Saar disliked the settlement much as most of them were Germans who obviously didn’t want to be ruled by the Allies for 15 years. Germans were also angry that they could not unite with the Austrian Germans.
The Nazi’s were treating Jews terribly. They would imprison them in concentration camps, that did not have adequate sanitation or fair regulations. When the United States and the Soviet Union were going to invade Germany, some of the concentration camps were found. This gave the Allies motivation to continue fighting in war. The Allies saw the innocent prisoners and how
However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Soon after the Germans’ defeat, Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian plan to control the world. In addition, President Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. In such a hostile atmosphere, it almost seemed like the Cold War was inevitable. It wasn’t a typical war in the sense that it didn’t have traditional warfare or an abundance of casualties; instead, the Cold War was a subtle battle of control between the United States and Russia.
Joseph Stalin was and still is universally known for his harsh leadership in the Soviet Union. To examine the extent of his cruelness, World Civilization II: The Rise and Fall of Empires© 1500-present stated, "Stalin was not a communist; he was a sociopath. He enjoyed hurting people and ordering their deaths. In his time as dictator of the Soviet Union, he was responsible for the deaths of tens of millions of his people, and the cruel torture and imprisonment of millions more" (Sattler, 71). However, this only scratches the surface of what Stalin put the Soviet Union through.
The spread of communist ideals was the main cause of The Cold War; the political and economical differences between the Soviet Union and the United States of America created high tension between such countries. As a capitalist country, United States wanted to promote democracy and free markets, while communist USSR wanted to make sure that the communist ideals spread all over the world. After World War II ended, the Soviets created a sphere of influence in which they established communist governments in several other countries. This angered and worried a lot the United States so they created the Containment policy and formed NATO to try to stop the spread of Communism. In return, the USSR formed the Warsaw Pact to formalize military relations with its allies and spread communism in third-world countries.
The Western Allies quickly realized they couldn’t “kick a dog when its already down”, and that Germany was in desperate need of help.” Therefore, the Allies’ aim was to rebuild Germany’s economy. The Soviet Union disagreed with this plan immensely, and instead, they became busy with setting up Communist dictatorships in their conquered areas, such as the zone of East Germany. This major difference among these powers marked the beginning of the Cold War. The war was not of physical battle but of international diplomacy. Germany now became the prize struggle between enemies.