The main cause of food insecurity in Africa is the inability to of citizens to gain access to food due to poverty. Many factors have contributed to this problem which leads to an increase in the prevalence of food insecurity (Mwaniki, 2015, p. 1). Factors contributing to food insecurity include: • Drought and other extreme weather events. In recent times it has been seen that major food crisis has been a result of “drought or extreme weather conditions’’, this impacted negatively on crop harvests which in turn caused a food shortage and an increase in food prices (Harvesthelp, 2012). • Pests, livestock diseases and other agricultural problems.
Most of the developing countries suffer from poverty and the less of access to their basic needs. Poverty is a condition when the people’s basic needs as food, clothing, education, shelter and health care aren’t met. Most of the developing countries are affected by this phenomenon, over three billion of people live on less than 2.50 dollars
The most of the poverty is present in Africa and in the countries of the Third World. In addition, a lot of children die in these countries because of disease or famine. According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. And they “die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth, far removed from the scrutiny and the conscience of the world. Being meek and weak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death“.
Vinay Lamba BA. LLB. Sec A ID: 20141347 Poverty, Social Exclusion and Welfare Poverty is the state of a human being, who lacks the ability to feed himself due to the absence of money. The United Nations fundamentally define poverty as the inability of getting choices and opportunities; a violation of human dignity. It means not having a school or clinic to go to, not having the land on which to grow one’s food or a job to earn one’s living.
In terms of the economic well-being, Africa is falling behind from the rest of the world. Although global poverty is at its decline as the economic growth of the countries such as China and India are getting better. However, the decline in African economy is disappointing. According to Sachs, poverty in Africa is rising at a faster rate. The question arises that what is the fundamental cause of underdevelopment in Africa?
How would technology serve Africa and help in it in shaping a new world order Background: Africa the sleeping giant that is blessed with a large amount of natural resources; however, they experience weak economic growth. Africa is very rich it has a large quantity of natural recourses including diamonds, iron, gold, cobalt, silver and many other resources; in addition to the human force they have; therefore, it has all the factors that could help it maintain economic growth; however, the highest poverty rates are in Africa. The number of those living in extreme poverty in the sub-Saharan region increased from 290 million in 1990 to 414 million in 2010. Poverty in Africa is caused by corruption and poor governance, poor land use and land residency framework, common wars and unending political clashes, poor infrastructure, diseases and poor health offices, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) strategies, among others. As indicated by the World Bank in 1990 and the United Nations in 1995, poverty has different appearances which incorporate the lack of wage and profitable assets adequate to guarantee practical business, hunger, and unhealthiness, sick health, constrained or lack of access to training and other essential administrations, expanded grimness and mortality from disease, vagrancy, insufficient, unsafe and corrupted environment, social separation and rejection.
• Overpopulation • Lack of resources • Lack of skills • Lack of materials • Lack of education • Poor governance • Corruption • Favouritising a certain group of people These are all the faces of the poverty in South Africa. Social issues such as over population, which is defined as having too many people with too little resources and too little space. This therefore creates a stress on the availability of the resources as there is not enough for the amount of people. In South Africa, women have an average of 5.5 kids, and the president, Jacob Zuma, has 21 children. There are 54 million people in South Africa, with 4.7 million unemployed which then leads to crime rates increasing as more people become desperate to survive.
It has been proved in the last 25 years that global efforts towards the goal of reducing poverty levels have paid off, especially in the developing world: According to the World Bank, about 70% of the developing world was living under $2 per day in 1981, and this rate fell to just over 36% in 2011. Poverty fell even in absolute numbers: the World Bank estimates that in 1981, 2.6 billion people in the developing world were living on under $2 per day. By 2011, that number fell to about 2.2 billion, while the world population grew from about 4.5 billion to about 7 billion. Poverty rates started to collapse towards the end of the 20th century largely because developing-country growth accelerated, from an average annual rate of 43% in 1960- 2000
Worldwide, extreme poverty continues to be a rural phenomenon despite increasing urbanization. Of the world’s 1.4 billion extremely poor people, 70 percent live in rural areas, most of them depend partly, or to a large degree, on farming (IFAD, 2011). Poverty can be persistent (chronic) or transient, but transient poverty, if acute, can trap succeeding generations. Most rural community development efforts aim to relieve causes or symptoms of rural poverty; as a consequence the range of explanations on rural poverty has proliferated. On one hand rural poverty, as defined by economists, means that the consumption or income level of a person falls below a certain threshold necessary to meet basic needs.
Its just the way we are taking care of them . People nowadays are taking things for granted . We need to throw away that nasty attitude and its time to look things as a serious aspect . There are a number of reasons why poverty has become an epidemic in Africa. Poverty can be the result of political instability, ethnic conflicts, climate change and other man-made causes.