The Causes And Success Of The March Revolution

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In 1848, a series of republican revolts broke out against the European monarchies. These revolts happened in France, Italy, Prussia, and Austria-Hungary. Ending in failure, the revolutions were followed by widespread frustration among the liberals. Each major country that partook in the revolutions had specific leaders that wanted to get their nations change. Each of the nation’s revolts had different outcomes and degrees of “success”. With the help of their leaders, revolutions in Italy, France, Prussia, and Austria-Hungary ended with small pieces of success, but mostly in failure. The French Revolution as a whole had a large impact on all of Europe and there were several different causes and goals throughout. A large part of the cause of…show more content…
The March Revolution, a nationalist movement, began mainly because of the want for a constitution. Prussia’s leader, Frederick William IV, was afraid of giving them a constitution because he was weak. He was a bad leader since Prussia’s success was only because of the work of administrators in the government, and they were the ones favoring a constitution. The March Revolution had some success because in response to the revolts, Frederick William IV allowed a Prussian assembly to be created. The ones elected wanted to unite with Germany to challenge Russia. The March Revolution’s little success was later squashed because Frederick changed his mind and got rid of the whole assembly. Along with the Prussian revolution was the German revolution since they wanted to unite. The goals for the German revolution, discussed at the Frankfurt Assembly, was to unify a Liberal Germany that was governed with a constitution. The German Revolution had some success because a Declaration of the Rights of German People was created. It gave rights to just the Germans and not all of mankind. On the other hand, the German revolutions did not have success because Frederick William IV did not agree to rule over and unite Germany. Frederick realized that it would start a war with Austria and make him a constitutional monarch which he did not want to do or be. Everything in Germany went…show more content…
The goals for Austrias revolution was based on nationalist ideas such as the want for more independence and the splitting up of the Austrian Empire. Austria wanted to get rid of their leader, Metternich, because he was the one who had been working for years to hold the empire together. Some of Austrias revolution was caused by the revolutions in France at the time. In effort to force Metternich out of power, revolts were happening in Vienna. The fighting in Vienna was mainly between Austria and France. They were also helped from Charles Albert to try to unite Italy because Austria was the one getting in his way. He came to get rid of Austria to unite Italy and also to defend against the foreigners. Austrian troops were having trouble fighting all the battles happening in Austria and close to Austria because they were involved in so much. Eventually, all the riots were ended because Russian tsar Nicholas I sided and helped Austrias leaders. Austria thought they had chance at freedom, but the revolution ended in failure because the strong Austrian soldiers soon came and ended the revolts. Hungary’s side of the revolutions of 1848 was mainly to break away from Austria. A main goal for the Hungarians was to get Hungarian as the official language in Hungary because most of the people their already spoke it. Lajos Kossuth led the whole movement. Not only did he want Hungarian to
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