“ By 2006, China, in conjunction with Hong Kong, was the second – largest trading nation in the world, up from 15th in 1990” ( Benewick,14) Hong Kong is a special administrative region. Taiwan refuge for chiang Kia- shek once communism took over China which made tensions with Beijing. When the 2008 Olympics was held that summer in Beijing, China wanted a the world to forget about past problems like the Tiananmen Square protests. “ The Beijing Olympics focused the world’s attention on China’s abuses of human rights.” ( atlas 72) China wins 100 medals : 51 gold, 21 silver, and 28
The People’s Republic of China was established in 1949 by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). After the reform and opening policy was issued in 1978, China has now became the world’s second largest economy. Though it still declares itself a socialist country, China is generally regarded as an authoritarian or totalitarian capitalist country led by the CCP(Witt, 2012). Supporters for late economic development theory, such as Hirschman, regard political order acquired through authoritarian ruling as critical in explaining developing countries’ rapid economic development. Thus, studying the main reason for China’s stability is of great significance in understanding China’s rapid economic growth.
Over the past 30 years China has risen from the rubble, it has undergone a social, economic, political and environmental change so quickly that it astonishes the rest of the world. In the blink of an eye, it has become the manufacturing capital of the world. China has proven that it is possible to have a communist-capitalist government system. Although the transformation China has undergone is unbelievable, the country has also run into many problems along the way like overpopulation, environmental issues causing the economic growth is starting to slow down. China has had the largest ongoing migration in history, currently the government is planning to move 250 million people from farms to urban cities (New York Times).
Transparency International states that China should unify its penal codes with the anti-corruption legal framework of the UNCAC. Laws regarding economic and social regulations should be clarified; the implementation standards should be elucidated and completely open to the public, thus decreasing public servants’ discretion and room for corruption. In addition to that, China should consider forming an independent Judiciary, for fairness in legal processes. Currently, the communist party appoints judges, which can bring dishonest verdicts and unjustifiable consequences. Just as the Republic of Korea or the United States of America nominates judges in methods that do not involve main government parties, China should do so as well.
If one group feels superior and the others feel resentful, harmonious and interaction are unlikely to be norm. Therefore, government can promote equality between minorities and local Hong Kong people through education, in order to reduce racial discrimination. Conclusion To conclude, racial discrimination is still a serious phenomenon in Hong Kong affecting the soft performance negatively mainly due to the economic perspective, conformity and fixed social norm. To reduce the racial discrimination, It is suggested to set a shared superordinate goals, increased chance of one-to-one interaction between different races and bordered the social norm of citizens through education. Both government and citizen have to bear the responsibility , in order to make Hong Kong a world city, instead of a racist
Along with Mainland China, Hong Kong is being recognised as an international finance centre. This is because of its proximity to the mainland China which provides the organisations an ideal location. (Dean Stallard, 2016). Diversity spreads across all levels of organisations and is a fundamental concept in business. Companies in Hong Kong have done a dismal work when it comes to gender equality, with women representing only 9 percent of board positions on the Hang Seng Index (Fern Ngai, 2014).
Taking the above into consideration, democracy in Hong Kong would be one that is far from the usual definitions. Political freedom will only exist in forms that the CCP would allow, such as the reform package that the central government has proposed. Though it is true that it is supposed to be “One
Transitional period of Hong Kong (Chiu and Wong, 1998; Wong, 2012) As Ip (2010) believed that Hong Kong’s colonial period hand down the city with an effective rule of law, open markets and transparent governance, there are the specific reasons for the successful story of Hong Kong. Therefore, Chiu and Wong (1998) pointed out that although Hong Kong was returned to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and became SAR government, it still is an assurance of preservation, which including not only the preservation of civil liberties which we are enjoying with, but also, and centrally, the extension of distributive