Mao Zedong's One Child Policy Case Study

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China. Final Exam
Globalization has become the main reason to both China’s prosperity and problems. Manufactory for domestic and offshore needs is the cause of high pollution level. The country chose the direction of economic growth and reached the second place in the rank of richest countries in the world in 2009. The more the country produces, the wealthier the influential regions become. In turn, the wealthy region increases demands in tune with global population. When a big-city child dreams of a private plane, a villager might want a pair of sneakers, which is twice as much as his parents’ monthly salary (Loyalka, 2012, p. 77). As a consequence of bigger domestic and foreign manufactory tastes, China faced both domestic environmental pollution and global environmental degradation.
Regarding the air pollution, China as a global polluter outstripped the United States in emitting carbon
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Mao Zedong could not comprehend the consequences of his vision of a republic state when he encouraged the birth as many children as possible and even banned the import of contraceptives. This policy escalated numerous problems on different levels, including death of famine of 15-30 million people between 1959 and 1961, which shaped the one-child policy. This revised policy resulted in 336 million registered abortions and the tendency of ageing population.
Since 2012, China launched its thirteenth five-year plan with fifty strategic decisions aimed at all critical issues of the state. Regarding disparity and demographic control, the plan highlights the need for urbanisation of rural areas to the rate of 60% by 2020. Although, the shift to a two-child policy will not solve the issue of national ageing, it will alleviate the misbalance. Furthermore, the plan includes better social security for elderly population (McGregor,

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