Economical Factors China is seen as one of the most energetic countries in the world when it comes to economic development. The new reforms in 1978 stimulated the Chinese GDP growth from 364 billion RMB to 63.6 trillion RMB within 30 years (chinability.com, 2015). China has persisted to be a primary beneficiary of the world’s destination of Foreign Direct Investment in the latest period. FDI reports 27% of the value added production, 4.1% of national tax revenue, and 58% of foreign trade (usi.edu, 2010). China was facing an economic growth and a huge development, even though the international financial crisis of 2008 left some marks on several aspects of China, above all the export-oriented light industry in southern China (chinapolitik.de, 2009).
In 1976, after the death of Mao the leadership of China the consequences of the policy started to be clear. The policy encouraged later marriages and having fewer children and it forced couples to sign a statement that they will only have one child and if they have more they will be punished. After couple of years in 1983, China’s one-child policy has reached its maximum strictness and that caused to have 19% of third order total births. This strictness made China’s population exceed its aim of having 1.2 billion people in 2000 and reach 1.266 billion
In fact, the population control policy has been carried out for many years, but still they can’t meet their aims. Although Chinese couples, mostly have had only one child, current government policy, It still needs to nearly two-thirds of all families are no more than every couple has one child. 2. China’s population is ageing the overpopulation will cause high birth rates and the decline in death rates, lead to nature rapid growth. Nowadays, human technology has been improved a lot than before, For example, the medical technology progress, environmental health improvement, and food production increase.
China is the larger consumer of energy, movies, beer; it is building more high-speed roads, airports than the rest of the world combined. The country’s boom marked the age of fortune and produced a vast wealth and the highest number of billionaires. The Chinese success is one the most striking in the human history. The nation has achieved longer, wealthier, healthier, and more educated lives by almost every measure. Evan Osnos suggests that although Chinese people consider themselves more cautious than Americans, psychologically they are willing to take higher risks with their investments.
Mao Zedong v.s. Deng Xiaoping Mao Zedong, one of the most notable communist revolutionaries and the founding father of the People’s Republic of China, has played a significant role in the county’s evolution into a communist-led system. His philosophies along with the power he gained as Chairman of the communist party allowed his to exert great influence over the people of China throughout most of the 50s, 60s, and 70s. Mao took the ideas of Marx’s communism and applied them to China (Mao Zedong Thought), favoring the peasants and the idea of a peasant revolution, rather than the industrial workers (China was not completely industrialized at the time). He believed the peasant class would be the driving force behind a communist takeover
Mao was very successful in ending the economic and social challenges faced by China during this time and the extent of this success if unmatched. Mao, using laws and the cultural revolution and the great leap forward and the 5 year plan fixed social and economic policies respectively. Mao was met with success when he attempted to rectify the social challenges that existed in China between 1949 and 1976. Some of these challenges included the lack of rights for women and the continual adherence to the 4 olds by the public. Mao fixed the lack of rights for women by issuing the Marriage law of 1950.
These sources of inequality are inherent in China’s hukou system which restricts rural migrants from privileges enjoyed by urban residents in terms of social security such as retirement benefits, schooling, and housing (Joseph, 2014, p. 260-261). The addition to income from a university education compared to that of primary schooling has increased dramatically from 9% in 1988 to 39% in 1995 to 88% in 2002 (Gustafsson, Li and Sicular, 2008, p. 25). This means that levels of educational attainment highly influenced the income earning prospects and is a significant factor of income inequality in China. Indeed, gap in education contributes as much as 11% to China’s Gini coefficient (Gan 2013, p. 18). The exclusivity of access to education inherent in the hukou system therefore significantly contributes to the rising levels of inequality in
The Chinese government has tried to find a solution to the problem of increasing population. Therefore, in 1979 they introduced the one child policy that worked well in controlling the population and raised the living standards by keeping growth rates down. Moreover, the access to natural resources increased
With the implementation of the Chinese Economic Reform, China’s GDP has seen a tenfold increase and has even overtaken Japan to be the second largest economy after the United States. However, there is always a downside to economic progress in a country. Pollution. Not only is pollution is a huge problem in China, it is in fact a problem in many industrialised cities. China is saturated with heavy industry, metal smelters, and coal-fired power plants which are all paramount in maintaining the fast-paced economic growth it is currently experiencing; even as they generate tons of hazardous gases and soot into the air.
At the same time, because of China 's huge population base, there will be many people in each class. It is difficult to be aware of each student 's situation in Problem-posing education. At the same time, China 's cultural conception since ancient times has assumed that teachers ' status is higher than that of students. So in the end, China chose this type of education. On the contrary, the United States has its own reasons for choosing problem-posing education.