Besides, the pedestrians and non-motorized vehicle users are less considered when planning urban transport system that creates mixture of traffic in the roads and further complications. Malaysian economy is developing so fast that most of the people afford to have private vehicles and hence the vehicle population has also boomed. Extremely congested roads
Feasibility Study Of A Sustainable Transportation Facility For Pedestrians Paper ID 53 Abstract In major cities of India, walking is still preferred as a mode of transportation. Pedestrians contribute a major share of road users in most of the urban cities of India. Still, pedestrians are the most neglected part in transportation planning. The earlier provision of providing sidewalks and footpaths has been outdated due to the drastically increasing volume of both vehicles and pedestrians. This study focuses on the necessity of a pedestrian skywalk in Trivandrum city.
In our daily life, we use our car to go to our workplace, market,... However, car reduces gas that very harmful, which damage the environment. With that but you still have to waste money to buy gas and you also damage the environment. Electric cars, which are designed to replace gas cars in the future, help people save money, are fast but are expensive and lack of resources The need to find alternative energy sources for transportation is being urgently needed. Choice of electric cars as a potential and effective alternative.
Non-motorized transport (NMT) has a positive impacts on the environment. In cities it is the primary mode of transport for the urban poor, and also a significant source of income for them. Therefore has a significant impact on the poverty. Despite being Non-Motorised Transport as the main transport mode for poor to commute for the work, it also plays a critical role for the economic functioning of the city. Despite these obvious merits, NMT has been ignored by policymakers in terms of infrastructure policy and also leading to behaviour change of NMT users (The World Bank, 2002).
Most people don’t live at their jobs, and only a lucky few can walk there. For the rest of the world’s employed or enterprising population, a bit of help is required to get to one’s workplace. Public transportation is a great option if you live in the metro, but if you’re commuting from outside the city, you’re probably driving yourself to work. Well, the reality is that we are all still extremely dependent on fossil fuels to run our transport vehicles, and almost everything about fossil fuels is bad—from the grave environmental and ethical impact of the way these fuels are produced and consumed, the effects their byproducts have on our health, down to the fact that it is a non-renewable, unsustainable resource. That said, if commuting is something we want to keep doing for generations to come, then conserving what little oil, coal, and natural gas we have left, as well as shifting our dependence away from fossil fuels should be our prioritized.
Case Studies: Global Context 3.1. Informal Public Transportation Networks in three Indonesian cities According to the study of Informal Public Transport in Indonesia, the Indonesian cities become prosperous day by day in terms of the mobility among the urban poor. The government provided public transport is insufficient, so informal public transport in the form of different modes like OJEK, ANGKOT, BAJAJ, BECAK, CALO, KELINCI etc. which provides faster service on various routes but they also contributing to the congestion. To understand the informal public transport in each and every aspect, three important Indonesian cities were chosen like Jogja, Solo in central java and Palembang in Sumatra which are differ in population, size, form and purpose.
The main points are described below: • The rural-urban migration and population growth are two factors contributing to spatial city fragmentation through illegal settlements. • Lack of institutional consideration through the “laisser-faire” approach leads to settlements deterioration and self-housing initiations. • Legalization of illegal settlements through formal projects on irregular structures has led to a mixed urban configuration that incorporates legal and illegal tenancy informally constructed. This has become a common urban pattern and a natural growth in the city. • Formal housing programs seemed to be diverse but benefiting only the middle and high social classes leading to a formal form of social exclusion.
When we look at the results of our research , we can clearly see, that if you would like to make city more walkable, the state or more specifically the city would have quite a hole in the budget. They would be short of the money that they usually receive from parking fees. We calculated how much money city would ‘lose’ if they became more walking-friendly or as we say later - more walkable. Afterwards we will explain, how the city could benefit, from being walkable, even though they would lose some money from parking fees. However, on the other side, inhabitants of the city and people who drive there to work, visit or come to the city for any other reason and have to pay for parking every day (we anticipated that in average, people park for approximately 2hours), would benefit very much.
These gases react with other environmental gases, causing harm to individuals who inhale them. Most of these gases are invisible, hence the fact that people are unaware of being exposed to the dangers thereof. Many households own up to three or more cars, thus increasing the problem of pollution within the country. According to Al-Bassam & Khan (2004), Kuwait has one of the highest GDP and the least fuel price. This is therefore ideal for many to own and make use of motorized vehicles.