Language Anxiety Affects Academic Achievement

958 Words4 Pages
Language Anxiety


Language anxiety affects the academic achievement and it becomes the fundamental issue that teachers and students needs to overcome. However, people often feel anxious and scared when facing or learning the language, without realizing the existence of language anxiety, especially when students approaching the foreign language. Anxiety experienced in the intimacy of foreign language learning is specific and unique (Horwitz et al., 1986; MacIntyre and Gardner, 1989), which is a heterogeneous, multidimensional phenomenon (Young, 1991). Students in language classes may encounter in negative self-criticism, contemplating a poor performance,
…show more content…
And eventually result in a decrease of ability in cope with the stressful situation. Students give themselves a lot of pressure and with a rise in the study hours, try to have a better achievement in the exam. However, their level of outcome did not reflect that effort (Liu,2006).

Methodology of Language Anxiety
There are four methodologies to soothe the language anxiety.

First, the relaxation coping strategies, which includes taking a deep breath, trying to relax. Students can cheer themselves with positive quotes such as “take it easy”, and try to have a sense of relief (Kao & Craigie,2013).

Second, positive coping strategies, which contains trying to be confident and have optimistic thoughts in mind. Moreover, teachers can evaluate students’ poor performance in a more positive way (Kao & Craigie,2013). Giving encouragements in their achievement and progress, a constructive explanation of the failure will help them to build courage (Dörnyei, 2007).

Third, peer seeking coping strategies, which includes chatting with friends and seeking support from friends and classmates in surrounding (Kao &
…show more content…
(2006). Anxiety in Chinese EFL students at different proficiency levels. System,34(3), 301-316. doi:10.1016/j.system.2006.04.004

MacIntyre, P.D., Gardner, R.C., 1989. Anxiety and second-language learning: Toward a theoretical clarification. Language Learning 39, 251–275.

MacIntyre, P.D., Gardner, R.C., 1991. Methods and results in the study of anxiety and language learning: A review of the literature. Language Learning 41, 85–117.

Mejias, H., Applbaum, R. L., Applbaum, S. J., & Trotter, R. T., II. (1991). Oral communication apprehension and Hispanics: An exploration of oral communication apprehension among Mexican American students in Texas. In E. K. Horwitz & D. J. Young (Eds.), Language anxiety: From theory and research to classroom implications (pp. 87-97). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Tobias, S., 1979. Anxiety research in educational psychology. Journal of Educational Psychology 71 (5), 573– 582.

Young, D.J., 1991b. The relationship between anxiety and foreign language oral proficiency ratings. In: Horwitz, D.J., Young, D.J. (Eds.), Language Anxiety: From Theory and Research to Classroom Implications. Prentice Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, pp.
Open Document