Out of all kids worldwide, one in four are stunted, and a staggering ¾ of these live in just the sub-saharan region of Africa(Gates). Another effect of malnutrition is underdevelopment in the body and brain. Both of these effects can contribute to physical issues and low energy levels which can make it difficult to plant, farm, or really have any job. The reason malnutrition is such a serious problem that often goes unnoticed is because one can be getting a good amount of food and still become malnourished. Many kids may be getting enough food so they they don’t die, or don’t necessarily even feel hungry, but still become malnourished and experience effects like stunted growth, reduced energy, and underdevelopment.
The Continent with the highest amount of people suffering with malnutrition, relating to undernourishment, is Africa. Ethiopia and Nigeria are both third world countries, and are greatly suffering from malnutrition. Being undernourished is when your body doesn’t receive enough nutrients. Starvation is also a form of malnutrition; starvation is the main reason for malnutrition in third world countries. Poverty is thriving this these countries, which can lead to the high rate of malnutrition.
Introduction. Food security is one of the biggest problems facing the African content in the world today. Due to climate change, rapid population growth and various other factors, many citizens living in Africa cannot maintain a healthy eating diet due to inadequate access or lack of income, this causes a high percentage of individuals to live way below the required amount of food needed to be consumed on a daily basis in order to be healthy and productive. A lack of food security can lead to malnutrition, diarrhoea and foodborne which worsen the problem of food security and becomes a problem on its own. With help from other states the African Union aims to alleviate the food security problem and ensure a better life for all Africans.
Treatment procedures for malnutrition have become slightly more effective in the past few years. Unfortunately, most patients, particularly those in rural regions, do not have access to these more developed treatments and may never have the chance to attend a proper health care setting. Malnutrition is not caused by a simple lack of food. Poverty, inequality, lack of education, climate and environmental changes are major factors that cause malnutrition… In sub-Saharan Africa, agriculture is crucial to equitable economic progress, and the future health and nutrition of Africans depend mostly on its development. Over 70% of Africans ' nourishment is made up of locally grown foods.
The populations in were again affected by shortage of food and the World Food Program estimated that 10 million people faced severe food shortages. In Somalia tens of thousands of people died of malnutrition, a situation brought about both by drought and perpetuated by warfare (Tran, 2011). Global Food crisis status The number of people, world-wide, at risk of hunger is expected to increase with 10–20 per cent by 2050 as a result of climate change (IFPRI, 2009a). Despite the increase in food production, more than one in seven people still do not have access to adequate nutrition leading to malnourishment. The threefold challenge that the world now face is to match the changing demand for food from a larger and more prosperous population to its supply and to do this in an environmentally and socially sustainable way that also warrants the world’s poorest people food security.
Food Security is still an issue despite the scientific and technological innovations, it can be observed that there are still numerous countries particularly in Asia and in Latin Americas where they continue to suffer food shortages, hunger, starvation, and malnutrition. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), they have estimated that at least half of the world's population is chronically hungry, malnourished or undernourished, and about three-fourths of
In terms of the economic well-being, Africa is falling behind from the rest of the world. Although global poverty is at its decline as the economic growth of the countries such as China and India are getting better. However, the decline in African economy is disappointing. According to Sachs, poverty in Africa is rising at a faster rate. The question arises that what is the fundamental cause of underdevelopment in Africa?
Food price, hunger and poverty are linked together meaning that small change can cause many problems. Millions of people live hungry and weak just because they cannot buy food, cannot get enough nutrients and cannot buy land for farming . In some families children are not sent to school to save money. There is also inequality in some countries making the poor weaker and vulnerable . In many developing countries this is even a bigger problem as the government cannot support its people.