People are living longer which means the population is getting older. Additionally the number of people in the world are growing. In Africa there is not only a shortage of health workers but also a greater burden of disease and scarce resources. This creates a vicious cycle of health decline, as inevitably, the disease burden grows when there are so few human and other resources available to respond to the existing health problems. It is the need to treat HIV/AIDS that particularly exacerbates the workforce shortage in Africa.47 It has been projected that, in the period 2006–2016, there could be a threefold increase in the number of patients per physician for the delivery of HIV services in Africa and that each physician would need to see 26,000 patients per year (O’Brien & Gostin).
The Effects of Poverty in America “In 2007 about one out of every eight children in America was on food stamps. Today that number is one out of every five” (U.S Census Bureau). This statistic from the U.S Census Bureau illustrates how the poverty level of Americans is getting worse and worse. This statistic explains what every day poor American families must face and that it also greatly affects the lives of their children. In today’s society, America is ailed by the instantaneous increase of Americans living in poverty, causing families to take several risks in order to provide all of their family’s necessities.
According to Kitissou(2014), In 2003 the drought causing Ethiopia's starvation which increased the hunger, so the president of Malawi announced that he would help his farmers by extends them with seeds and fertilizers, but it was not enough because drought affected South Africa in economics growth very badly. Kitissou(2014) added that in 2010 an Organization arrived from Spain, Canada and the Unites States awarded South Africa for 880$million.But this money was not enough because there are more than 2 billion people suffer from hunger in the world. It is agreed that there were many efforts tried to solve the hunger problem. But these efforts did not solve this problem completely because the percent of the hunger in South Africa is not
Some children’s struggles in Africa can be clearly traced back to the pandemic of AIDs and civil wars in regions, as well as other political factors: “...civil wars in some regions that turned boys into soldiers and other children into refugees, and poverty resulting not only from disease and war but also from economic stagnation, population growth, and political corruption.” In some instances, as evident in Africa, the children have no control over their past history, yet it is the leading factor for why they cannot receive an education. The small acts that are done each day contributing to a throwaway culture have had long lasting effects for the children in the world today. As mentioned earlier, women make up approximately two thirds of the illiterate population among illiterate adults. In fact, half of the adult women in Africa are illiterate. The argument is made that educating women and decreasing the illiteracy rate among women worldwide will have a larger benefit than educating more men.
This book titled “Poverty linked in large African families” unambiguously deliberate on several challenges faced mainly by large families peculiar to several African countries. Asides the issue of poverty and lack of funds to take care of the large families, this book further talks about the misconceptions and lack of adequate information and knowledge towards child bearing and family planning in general. Also, the misconceptions about gender equality in children as well as the huge expectations placed on the girl child at a tender age towards early child marriage. It is quite unfortunate that most illiterate parents who tend to bear more children they can cater for often depend on government, foreign aid and also charitable organizations to
Human poverty index It includes deprivation of a long healthy life, deprivation of knowledge, deprivation of decent living standards Uganda has made enormous progress in reducing poverty, slashing the countrywide incidence from 56 percent of the population in 1992 to 24.5 percent in 2009. The reduction of poverty in urban areas has been especially marked. Poverty in Uganda is an important issue as an appreciable number of people in Uganda; specifically, rural people are below the poverty line. About 60% of the Ugandan people are poor and 30% are very poor. CAUSES OF POVERTY Over population This is defined as the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space.
Those things have been overcome by other rich countries, so it can also be overcome in Africa (Chang 95). There are more essential causes for poverty in Africa not that additional. African poverty is due to its socio-cultural factors, slave trades, and the capitalist system of world. Africa’s Socio-Cultural Factors In Africa, there are socio-cultural factors that make members of African traditional communities not to be able to make their conditions better. Therefore, even a person who wants to develop his or
The implication for this is the high level of illiteracy and poor socio-economic status which increased the rate of paternal and maternal deprivation of needs and has thus, thrown many families (lower-class) into untold financial problems such as lack of monetary resources to provide the best for their offspring's. The United State of America Embassy in Nigeria released the Nigeria education fact sheet in 2012 which indicates
This means that 1.4 billion people or 21% of the world 's population live in extreme poverty. Unfortunately, women and children account for a sizeable portion of those who live in poverty. It is my opinion and belief that education can break barriers in order to escape or come out of poverty, but on the other hand poverty has been seen to cause problems in education as it can also limit student’s true potential. Children coming from a poor background usually look and dress differently from others from an upper class
In 2000, malaria was the principal cause of (around 18%) deaths among children under 5 years of age in sub Saharan Africa. Malaria is also a significant indirect cause of death; malaria related maternal anemia in pregnancy, low birth weight and premature delivery are estimated to cause 75,000-200,000 infant deaths per year in Africa South of the Sahara (1, 2). Despite the highest magnitude of this devastating disease, most countries did not start implementing program to provide access to the tools and strategies recommended by Roll Back Malaria until 2000. In many countries in Africa where the burden of malaria is greatest, scaling up access to treatment and prevention began even more recently. Globally, it is agreed to reduce the burden of malaria by half by the year 2010 and again by half by2015 (1).