The United States Civil War is possible one of the most meaningful, bloodstained and controversial war fought in American history. Northern Americans against Southern Americans fought against one another for a variety of motives. These motives aroused from a wide range of ideologies that stirred around the states. In James M. McPherson’s What they fought for: 1861-1865, he analyzes the Union and Confederate soldier’s morale and ideological components through the letters they wrote to love ones while at war. While, John WhiteClay Chambers and G. Kurt Piehler depict Civil War soldiers through their letters detailing the agonizing battles of war in Major Problems in American Military History.
Many abolitionists actually considered resorting to violence in order to eradicate slavery (as in the case of Theodore Parker). This was ironic, since the schism within the nation did ultimately culminated in the Civil War (also known the 'First Modern War'), "beginning as a battle of army versus army, the war became a conflict of society against society." (pg. 511). “If abolitionists did not cause the Civil War, they shaped its meaning.” (4) It was indeed a war of two distinct societies since the country was fragmented into two: the abolitionists versus slave owners.
In particular the attribute of freedom, competing for nationalism, the fate of slavery, the preservation of the Union and the structure of our society and economy at some point could all be listed as important factors in America's fierce and ferocious conflict. It is essential to know that while slavery was the major cause, it was also the factors like politics and the economy that also contributed towards the war. Apart from some physical factors, there were some hidden psychological and social factors to that
Most Northern states opposed slavery, while most Southern states favoured it. In 1861, a civil war erupted between The Union (Northern states) and the Confederate States (Southern states) due to the controversy. The war ended in 1865 with the victory of The Union, and slavery was abolished nationwide, freeing 4 million slaves. This marks an important political milestone in the progression towards the modern world, as it marks the day that slavery was outlawed in the major
What were the main causes of the US Civil War？ There are many reasons cause the US Civil War. Such as economic, society and politics, I’m inclined to think they all promote the US Civil War break out. Slavery is often considered the "cause without which" the Civil War would not have been fought. However the primary issue of the war was "states rights vs. the federal government." The Confederate states felt the federal government was too controlling and that the state should be able to act more independently (like legalizing slavery when the federal government out-lawed it).
A long succession of mishaps in this battle confirmed the exhaustion and frustration plaguing both the Union commanders and their troops. The Union lost almost 6000 men in just an hour, compared to fewer than 1500 Confederates. Both sides again used trenches and earthworks for their protection, but it was ultimately a defensive victory for the South. Grant regretted this battle: "I have always regretted that the last assault at Cold Harbor was ever made...No advantage whatever was gained to compensate for the heavy loss we sustained.” It signified the end of the Overland Campaign, but Grant shifted the focus of his operations to a new campaign - the Siege of Petersburg. The end of Cold Harbor is when the anti-war sentiments grew in the North and Grant received the unfavorable nickname of “the Butcher.” However, the campaign as a whole served Grant’s purposes and he was able to move forward with the Siege of Petersburg.
People in the North believed that slavery was inherently evil and inhumane, but the South disagreed, believing that slaves were property and leaving all possible work on the plantations, up to them. This then led to the great Abolitionists Movement as many people started to view slavery as evil thanks to people such as Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, and Harriet Beecher Stowe. The next cause of the war was the new expansion throughout the U.S. This caused new states to have to choose between the Union and Confederacy, which only caused for hate and strive between the two. Another conflict was Bleeding Kansas.
But slavery in the South restricted the labor force in the South, and there was little free labor force. The North wanted to abolish slavery in order to get more free labor force which could promote the development of industry, while the Southern plantation economy needed a large number of slaves as a support, there was no doubt that they didn 't want to abolish slavery, which led to conflict between the North and the South. At last, with the worsening of contradictions, the US Civil War broke out. The president of United States -- Lincoln said: “ Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation. so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.
The decade of the 1960s is remembered as one of the most turbulent times of Americanhistory. The decade, from riots to assassinations, was filled with violent disorder and confusion.Even with opposition and disagreement all over the United States, some movements took apeaceful, nonviolent approach with one of the most well-known and successful being the CivilRights Movement.The African American Civil Rights movement was a nonviolent fight for equal rights forAfrican Americans after years of mistreatment and segregation. The ultimate goal of themovement was to gain the rights of an American citizen. After years of not being offeredservices and refusal of education, the movement surged and African Americans felt they werecapable of making a change
The north suffered mainly from the political turmoil that was left in the aftermath of the war. The United States had to worry about the readmission of the 11 confederate states, but also had to answer the question on how the United States was going to deal with all these ex-slaves. As slaves were the bread and butter to the southern economy. Many this slaves didn’t know how to make it own