The Underground Railroad was a secret network of safe houses that organized by people who helped runaway men, women and children slaves. From the years 1780 until the beginning of the Civil War in 1861 enslaved individuals would run away in hopes to receive help from the free and reach their way up into the northern part of the United States. Many historians have approached this topic in several perspectives. Daniel O. Sayers “The Underground Railroad Reconsidered” provides an overview of the Underground Railroad as a long-term of African-American defiance and marronage. It analyses the political economic impacts across the slave owning sectors, the slave’s culture and the influence of religion on the Underground Railroad.
The ⅗ Compromise was a solution to a conflict between the United States northern and southern states in 1787. The conflict was whether or not enslaved people would be counted as representing a whole person when it came to representation in the Electoral College and the House of Representatives in Congress. It was decided that each slave would represent ⅗ of the value of a free person. The impact of this compromise was that it temporarily solved a problem that could have kept our country from moving forward as a new nation. The ⅗ Compromise allowed our country to ratify the US Constitution in 1790 but also pointed out the great flaw of slavery in our nation and opened our eyes to the reality of slavery and how the slaves weren’t treated like ⅗ of a person at all.
In the North about 2% of people were slaves or personal servants; while on other hand about 25% of people were slaves who worked on farms and plantations. One of the famous patriots Nash mentions in his writing is Thomas Peters who “was an Egba of the Yoruba tribe, living in what is now Nigeria and known, of course, by a different name. But a year later he was in the New World, having been kidnapped by slave traders, carried across the Atlantic, and sold at auction in French Louisiana. Peters lost not only is Egba name and his family and friends but also his liberty, his dreams of happiness, and very nearly his life.” (Nash 6).
There was this particular slave who build the underground railroad to free slaves and her name was Harriet Tubman born in Dorchester Country, Maryland, but that wasn 't her real name. Her real name was Araminta Ross born on 1822 and died March 10, 1913. Her mother Harriet “Rit” Green was owned by a slave owner named Mary Pattison Brodess and her father Ben Ross was owned by a slave owner named Anthony Thompson who actually later married Rit and Ben’s daughter Araminta or she goes by “minty”. Harriet 's father was freed from slavery at the age of 45 by one of his previous owner, but Rit and her children were not freed from slavery no matter the fact of his husband was free. By the time Harriet grew older most African Americans were freed in slavery.
Slavery in America began in the early 16th century, and lasted through the late 19th century. There were many people that believed that slavery was tolerable, and there were others that believed that it was an unacceptable cause. One of the many abolitionist of slavery, Frederick Douglass, wrote and delivered The Hypocrisy of American Slavery Speech on July 4, 1852 to a assemblage of other abolitionists. In Douglass’ speech, he attempts to display that slaves are human beings and should be treated as such. He establishes a sympathetic tone to grasp the attention of the people who are allowing slavery to continue happening.
“Hurry up, run, I think I know where they went,” I yelled back to the group following me. I was the leader of a group of slave catchers trying to catch slaves on the Underground railroad “I think I heard them,”called a slave catcher named Tyrone. We were a group of 6 people looking for runaway slaves that are looking to be free. “Not on my watch,” I thought. I had already caught three slaves, but I had not been paid very well.
A document written by Olaudah Equiano, a victim of the slave trade, describes his experience in detail. He writes of his first encounter with slave traders, who ripped him out of his home at eleven and separated him from his sister, then was sold time and time again. He eventually ended up on the west coast of Africa, and was shipped to the Americas. This is only one of man tragic stories of people’s experience during the Atlantic slave trade. After reading this account, it is easy to blame the people who ripped the child from his home, but these people valued their business, and they wanted to make their
Fugitive slave acts started as early as 1643 and were passed in all thirteen original colonies (Fugitive Slave Acts). They allowed for free blacks to be captured illegally and sold immediately into slavery. By 1787 the vast majority of Northern states had already begun to abolish slavery and were declaring it illegal. In 1793 the first fugitive slave act was passed by congress
Leslie Chihuahua United States History to 1877 11/13/2015 11:00-11:50 AM Missouri Compromise was an agreement from the House of Representatives to reach a median to keep slavery out of Missouri after all the tribulations it had caused before it became a state. Henry Clay, Speaker of the House made important decisions in order for Missouri to be admitted as a state that could impact American history. In 1819, slavery was a resourceful profit to slave owners and this sparked a sectional controversy in the country over the efforts to expand slavery into the new western territories. The country had 22 states, eleven free eleven slave, and the line between them were distinguished by the northern and western boundaries of Pennsylvania and the Ohio River. (Txt.
Dred Scott was a slave who sued his owner. He claimed he was free because his previous owner had taken him to Illinois (a free state) where he argued before the court that Congress had banned slavery by the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The state of Missouri ended up finding Scott was going to be a slave, even though the previous decisions by Missouri favored the Emancipation Proclamation because slavery has become very popular within expansion issues and compromise issues. The Dred Scott v. Sanford case is an early example of the Court’s involvement in race relations, new attitudes arise that would be changed by the Civil War, and the civil rights movement. Abolitionists were livid.
The blacks in the north were allowed to organized and protest. Benjamin Franklin and Alexander Hamilton founded the Pennsylvania society for abolition and slavery in 1831. Also another fact is William Lloyd garrison publishes the first edition of the liberation England. Civil Rights and the Civil War Amendments wanted us to know about Dred Scott v. Sanford in regards to the “white slave owners did what they wanted with the black slaves , because they had no rights”(443). Illinois was a free state for blacks.
The Fugitive slave law was an act passed to help southern slave owners maintain their slaves. The act was part of the “Compromise of 1850” proposed by Henry Clay. The compromise was made to resolve disputes between the south and north about land and slavery. The south ended up having slavery allowed below the “36,30” and California joined in as a free state. In the 1840s there were many problems of runaway slaves to the North to become free men.