Could you imagine being kidnapped and sold into slavery? In the 1500s during the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade being kidnapped and sold as a slave was a common occurrence in Africa. Throughout this period of time, Europeans would come to Africa in search of a source of labor, slaves, to send to work on their plantations. In exchange for slaves, African people would receive manufactured goods from the Europeans. The process of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was a maniac and unsafe affair.
In addition, Europeans later took control of the Atlantic Slave Trade by trading slaves to North Americas, South America, and the Caribbeans. Europe then colonized and conquered some parts of Africa, and began trading any African to different nations. As for the slaves themselves, they faced unimaginable brutality. They were marched to the slave ports on the coast, shaved and branded onto ships. The times in the ships were very cruel, in fact, there was many diseases which led to
Between the 1500s and the 1900s, Europeans forcibly uprooted millions of people from throughout West Africa and West Central Africa and shipped them across the Atlantic in conditions of great cruelty. The transatlantic slave trade was responsible for the forced migration of between 12-15 million people. European slavers dispersed them across the Americas to lead lives of degradation and brutality. As a result, people of African descent are spread throughout the Americas and Western Europe. This is called the African Diaspora.
As a matter of fact, already from the very beginning -in ships that brought slaves from Africa to the Caribbean- people from the same tribe were kept separated and then, once arrived in the mainland, they were scattered and mixed with others in order to avoid possibility of communication and revolts. This, for example, dramatically destroyed the continuity of their social order as well as their communal way of life. Furthermore, the experience of slavery itself deprived them from any spirit of enterprise or even self confidence: they underwent a deep psychological transformation that left them at the mercy of the colonizer. (Hiro, 1991) It is, therefore, possible to talk about a proper “[…] loss of identity, which has been integral to the Caribbean experience […]” (Hall, 1990:224-5). Quoting Hiro (1991:74) “[…] imperialist Europe had banished the abundant cultural heritage of Africans underneath centuries of slave trade.
Although forms of slavery existed before the 1400s, this decade stigmatized the start of European slave trading in Africa with the Portuguese transferring people from Africa to Portugal and exploiting them as slaves. The development of colonization intensified the slave trade. Throughout the 1600s, more countries were involved in the European slave trade, including Spain, North America, Holland, France, Sweden, and Denmark. After the cessation of the African slave trade, occurred the phenomenon of “white slavery”, which constitutes the “procurement—by use of force, deceit, or drugs— of a white woman or girl against her will for prostitution.” 4.1.2. Human Trafficking in the 1900s
It was the direct destruction of Africans. Enslavement in Africa became part of an international trade system called the ‘triangular trade’. As part of this trade, African captives were taken thousands of miles across the Atlantic and forced to work in plantations and mines. African people trafficking to America were part of triangle trade between Africa Europe and New World. There was created a circle Europe provided Africa by manufactured goods; from Africa to America were trafficking slaves; and Europe gave raw materials from America.
This happened by having more advanced weapons, cooperate with local leader, and took advantage of Africa conflict. The effects of European imperialism on Africa was economic negative because European took away their properties them using Africans and Indians for labor which caused the loss of food. It was social positive because they got rid of slavery which the Africans had more opportunities. The effects of European imperialism in Africa was economic negative because European took away their properties them using Africans and Indians for labor which caused to lose food. According to document one by Ndansi Kumalo who was a chief from Rhodesia in 1890s states, Africans were angry at the British because they took away their animals, property and land.
Slavery was taking place all around the world. Africans were being taken against their will and sold into slavery. In the 1400’s, Portugal began to sell slaves from West Africa to the New World by the Atlantic Ocean. Throughout the years of 1451 and 1475, slavery increased from 1000 slaves being sold a year to 7500 slaves being sold a year. Slavery became more and more popular throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Murdoch, explores how the transformations engendered by the slave trade facilitated the development of the ethnic and cultural patterns that are present in today’s society. He claims that the inhabitants of the Caribbean islands will perpetually be binded to the cruel injustice faced by their African descendants. Murdoch specifically examines the relationship between sugar and slavery in Jamaica and its governance over society’s perception of racism and discrimination. The author believes that the combination of the white merchants and black slaves in the sugar industry instigated a community that developed an overlapping division of race and class. He affirms that the whites were subdivided into two main social statuses during the era; the “principal whites” and the “poor whites”.