He composed 4 symphonies, an opera and chamber works. Works such as Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasia in C are among his most famous. He suffered from a mental disorder and died without having recovered from his mental illness. The other romantic composer was Johann Strauss who was an Austrian composer of dance music and operettas. Johann Strauss was born on October 25, 1825 and died on June 3, 1899.
Born into a family of musicians, Richard Georg Strauss, was born in Munich on June 11, 1864. His father, Franz Joseph Strauss, was one of the best French Horn player at that time; he also was a member of the Munich Court Opera. Being in such a musical family, Strauss would be raised with ethics of hard work as well as frugality, precise musical expertise, and a love of the classics. If he was not raised with the ethics of hard work, great works such as Don Juan would have never been written. For the Strauss family, music was integrated in their lives.
The next 15 years played a big role in making Haydn more famous. In 1775, Haydn composed and played his first Oratorio, for the Society Of Musicians in Vienna, called ‘II Ritorno Di Tobia’. Nine years later, Haydn revised Tobia for another Viennese performance, within the revision he add more pieces to it and cut some of the dacapo structures out of it. Haydn 's personal home life did not related to one another. Haydn 's wife (Maria Ann Keller) in which he married in 1760, didn 't understand or like his musical works.
Composed in 1796 and published the next year by Artaria in Vienna, the Sonata N.4 in E-flat major opus 7, dedicated to the "Comtesse Babette de Keglevics", was named "Grande Sonate" by Beethoven himself. This is a clue, together with its single opus number and its being published alone, on how high it was esteemed by the composer. It is the second longest Sonata, after the Hammerklavier Opus 106, and lasts for more than half an hour. With this sonata, the entire piano style of Beethoven enters in what may be called the "Symphonic Piano". It is where the keyboard gets its new identity, abandons "old" idioms and starts to simulate an entire orchestra.
Actually this thema is a funeral march thema. It is a lugubrious one, the rhythmical formula: dotted-eight and quarter note has a macabre association in the entire western musical civilization, for 400 years. But here this "formula" of a funeral march is not harmonized with massive block-chords as it happens in a funeral march but with fluidly and gently moving triplets. That "softens" it (the theme) enormously. So there is a very particular mixture of this gloomy aspect repeatedly stated by the quite obsessive theme and the deployment "dolcissimo" of those triplets which will keep on during the entire movement.
Others say he was born in Condé-sur-l'Escaut of Hainaut in present-day Belgium, while another group believes that he was born immediately across the border in Picardy in present-day France and he was a Frenchman. He was acknowledged as the most prolific composer of his age. Though very little is known about his career and early life, it is certain that he rendered his services to a number of supporters throughout his life. He lived the most part of his musical career in Italy. He held many important positions there and created several motets and masses, which are esteemed highly as the masterpieces of a musical genius.
Much like his father’s job at Leipzig, C.P.E. became a Kantor in Hamburg at five churches and a Latin school. During his time at Hamburg, he composed a vast amount of music varying from symphonies, to chamber music, to harpsichord concertos. He wrote Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments which teaches on keyboard style of the 18th century is still used
Alban Berg began to write lieder in 1901 but first in 1904 he started taking lessons with Schönberg, first in counterpoint and harmony, and since 1907 in composition. In 1910, Schönberg wrote in a letter to his publisher about Berg’s talent: “One (Alban Berg) is an extraordinarily gifted composer. But the state he was in when he came to me was such that his imagination apparently could not work on anything but Lieder. Even the piano accompaniments to them were song-like in style.” As the correspondence between them shows, Berg was committed to Schönberg’s ideas: “Advocacy for Schoenberg’s doctrines and beliefs is the single most important leitmotif in the correspondence. Almost everyone mentioned, however prominent in his or her own right, is seen as a believer or a detractor.
It was during this tenure that Grainger set to tune the piece ‘Country Gardens’, the work that tends to be associated with him more than any other works of his. In June 1918, Grainger became a naturalized U.S. citizen.” The years following war, showed as Percy Grainger’s best. He was performing up to 120 concerts a year! He even lead a class in the piano technique at the Chicago Musical College. In 1921, he set up his residence in White Plains, New York and stayed there for the rest of his life!
The Medieval era had tons of composers. The most famous composers of the Renaissance era were Palestrina, Morley, Monteverdi, and Lully. The famous composers of the Baroque era were Bach, Handel, and Vivaldi. The famous composers of the Classical era were Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven. The famous composers of the Romantic era were Shubert, Shuman, Chopin, Brahms, and Beethoven.