Introduction Modern society tends to stereotypical thinking and perception of gender differences. It is extremely important to pay attention to stereotypes, not to give in to the impact on the perception and livelihoods. Some of the most common stereotypes is the idea of typical female and typically male qualities. The presence of different social roles, which are perceived as the fundamental differences between men and women in their psyche and activities, forms gender stereotypes. Gender stereotypes are formed within a particular culture.
Throughout history, people have portrayed men and women differently often requiring of the former masculinity and of the latter femininity. Society often tries to assign specific traits for men and specific traits for women. The value of a women is different than a man’s value. This leaves society with the question, “What does it mean for a man to be masculine and a woman to be feminine?” Are these phrases established to help us identify genders? In society, it is intimated that men have to possess the masculinity gender and women have to possess the femininity gender.
This means that the society’s expectations confirm the behavioural, psychological and physical qualities that are related to the particular gender. Moreover, gender identity is a persons sense of self-identification as a female, male, both, neither or somewhere in between. On the other hand, sexuality influences gender but it focuses on a persons sexual orientation/preferences and their capacity for sexual feelings. How a person identifies their gender may be very arguable in many scientific fields, including psychology. This is because researchers have different point of views, regarding how much of gender is due to biological and evolutionary factors (nature), or, they claim, that it might be the result of the person’s culture and their socialisation (nurture).
Secondly, gender norms nowadays prevails that it creates gender roles and assist the society order. When new concepts that would disturb the original order start to emerge and go into people’s mind, people will be frustrated and difficult to react. In that sense, people of gender nonconfromity cannot be fit in the traditional binary gender system and the society has difficulties to handle a spectrum of sex and gender identities. Therefore, people and
To study on “Gender Inequality and Women Development: : Gender Occupational Segregation and Gender Wage Gap” , knowing about ‘Gender Inequality’ is a prerequisite . For understanding "Gender Inequality" it is very integral to have clear knowledge about what is Gender. 'Gender’ is a socio-cultural term referring socially defined roles and behaviors assigned to ‘men’ and ‘women’ in a given society; whereas, the term ‘sex’ is a biological and physiological phenomenon which defines man and woman. Therefore, gender may be understood as a man-made concept, while ‘sex’ is natural or biological characteristics of human beings. For Example: Sex represents only male-female biological difference but doesn’t specify the color to be worn (pink for girls,
If we all work together, we can change this state of thinking about men and women’s roles in society. Gender stereotypes take place in the minds of people, but that needs to be changed. People usually think about genders when they are socializing with one another. When meeting someone new, your brain unconsciously rejects or gives a chance to the person based on their gender. People usually use gender as common sense that is used to manage their relationships with other people.
From birth we are assigned a gender and we are socialized to conform to certain gender roles based on the assigned sex. These gender roles are based on standards or norms, created by society. In certain countries like the U.S. masculine roles are usually thought to be closely associated with strength, dominance and aggression while feminine genders are usually associated with nurturing, passiveness and subordination. However it is a lot more complicated than that. Some scientists claim that certain aspects of human biology, from hormones to chromosomes to brain size differences and genetics all contribute to the innate differences between men and women.
Gender stereotypes can be both positive and negative for example, “women are nurturing” or “women are weak”. Gender stereotyping is the practice of ascribing to an individual woman or man specific attributes, characteristics, or roles by reason only of her or his membership in the social group of women or men. A gender stereotype is, at its core, a belief and that belief may cause its holder to
GENDER INEQUALITY AT WORK PLACE Introduction: Gender Stereotypes: Gender is often attributed with different characteristics and as a consequence, society expects different behaviours from different genders. Society imposes certain kind of roles on people based on their gender and expects them to stick by it. These prejudices and conventional ideas that have been formed regarding the social roles of an individual based on their gender, is also termed as gender stereotype. Gender stereotypes are prescriptive as well as proscriptive in nature. Prescriptive as in, how men and women should behave, like agentic attributes are prescribed for men, while communal attributes are prescribed for women.
Discuss the major contributions of feminist theory to the understanding of social And political life. Feminist theory has come to be recognised as an influential theory that has singled out the social exclusion of women. This could be seen as its main premise but it is a far broader perspective. Feminism has articulated that gender differences subjected to sex as argued have played a secondary role to men in the most influential decision making and power positions in society. This has caused the invisibility of women, which has become an indicator of inequality.