Malaria Life Cycle

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The Malaria parasite.
The malaria parasite also has its own life-cycle. Part of the cycle is in the mosquito and the other part in man. If the cycle is broken at any point, the parasite will perish.
The cycle in man.
The malaria parasites are first introduced into the human body by the bite of the infected mosquito. The parasites get into the liver where each divides (multiplies) into a large number. After some days, these parasites in the liver are released into the blood. In the blood, each tiny parasite enters a red blood cell. The parasite feeds on the red blood cell and develops into a different shape. It also becomes bigger. Many more parasites are produced from each one in the red cell. The infected red cell then bursts and the young
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However, this immunity can be lost when the person's body resistance gets low; for example if he is suffering from another illness or he is tired, over-worked or exhausted. This immunity is also lost if a person leaves the malarial area for a long period of time, for example to live in a non-malarial environment.

Complications of malaria:
Cerebral malaria. Malaria can affect the brain - Cerebral malaria. This can lead to confusion, irrational behaviour and loss of consciousness. Cerebral malaria is very serious and can kill very rapidly. It can leave a child severely handicapped.
Anaemia. Owing to the destruction of red blood cells by the parasites, anaemia is common in malaria.
Dehydration. This is due to fever, vomiting, sweating and diarrhoea.

Treatment.
There are very effective medicines for treating malaria. They are in the form of tablets, liquid or injection. The malaria parasite has a habit of developing resistance to anti-malarial medicines. In every area, it is important to know the effective medicine. Doctors and pharmacists should be consulted.
In the acute state of the illness, there is the need to treat fever, diarrhoea and vomiting, and

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