The Chemical Synthesis Of Serotonin

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Serotonin is a monoamine neurotransmitter which is found in the blood, gastrointestinal tract, and in the nervous system in humans, animals and several plants. Its chemical formula is C10H12N2O. It is biosynthesized from tryptophan which is a chemical precursor of the serotonin. It was first reported lab synthesis by M.E. Speeter and his co-workers in 1951. This molecule initially started with 5-benzyloxyindole (C15H13NO).The majority of the serotonin in humans is found in the gut, where it regulates intestinal activity. It also regulates mood (As serotonin tension loosens, the person becomes less stressed and more relaxed.), appetite (serotonin regulates and controls many of the human bowel movement and functions), blood clotting (Serotonin is released by platelets when there is a wound, and the resulting vasoconstriction (narrowing of the tiny arteries) which eventually reduces blood flow and aids the formation of blood clots), nausea (when you eat something toxic or poisonous, more serotonin is produced to create more time in the body to expel the poison in the diarrhea) and sleep in humans.…show more content…
While serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is supposed to properly control intestinal activity, low serotonin levels are the reasons for sleep disorders, anorexia (eating disorder when people become seriously concerned and obsessed about their weight. The people with this disorder tend to eat very little or no

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