Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station Research Paper

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Abstract
The Chernobyl accident was probably the worst possible catastrophe that could happen in a nuclear power station. It was the only one in history of nuclear power. It resulted in a total meltdown of the reactor core, a hardcore emission of radionuclides, and early deaths of only 31 persons and thousands of people were displaced from their homes permanently. The Explosion released about 300 MCi of radioactive substances, including about 40 &100 MCi of short-lived radioiodines. The social and psychologic stresses that followed have been enormous. There are many lessons taught by this disaster, locally as well as internationally about nuclear dangers and the RMBK reactors faults have been discovered and corrective actions have been taken the damage has caused a mark in history, and this damage will never be forgotten.

1.0 Introduction
The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station is located in Ukraine about 20 km south of the border of Belarus. It suffered a major accident ever in history and rated a Level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale. The Plant consisted of four nuclear reactors, which are capable of producing one gigawatt of electric power. On April 26, 1986, the operating crew planned to test whether if the Reactor No. 4 turbine could produce enough energy to keep the coolant pumps running until the emergency diesel generator was
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Thousands of those who were children and adolescents at the time of the accident have developed thyroid cancer as a result of exposure to radioactive iodine. The majority of those cancers have been treated successfully. Among workers who were exposed to higher doses of radiation this exposure have contributed to an increase in the number of cases of certain types of leukaemia and solid cancers, and possibly of cardiovascular diseases and cataracts. (Ilyin

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