According to chapter 3 where we learn about the settlement in Jamestown. The colonist weren’t received with a nice welcome; instead they face an attack from the natives on their first night in Jamestown. Many of the colonists would die due to disease and starvation. They would have to learn how to feed each other and adjust to the climate. In addition, the natives were
They were treated as sub-human and had no freedom.They recieved very little food, so many starved to death. (Doc 5) Columbus demanded at least a thimble-sized amount of gold every three months from each Native. If they did not reach this goal, their hands were chopped off. In addition, many of the Arawaks were forced onto encomiendas, cash crop plantations, where they were regularly worked to death. Seeing the impending doom, the suicide rate of the Arawaks skyrocketed just so they could avoid the fate of those around them.
Droughts were also a problem. From “The Lost Colony and Jamestown Droughts,” the charts show that the drought lasted from “1605-1612.” With a drought that long, crops didn’t grow and colonists died from hunger and thirst. Eventually, the colonists did get food when they traded with the Indians. But Francis West took all of it, and went back to England. He thought that the colonist would have enough food to survive when they go back to England (Hume).
110 men then started the first successful colony, Jamestown. By the end of the year only 40men survived.Why did so many colonists die in Jamestown? People died in Jamestown because of starvation, disease, and finally their poor relationship with the local Powhatans. Starvation was detrimental to Jamestown. In DOC.B it shows that there was a constant drought from 1609-1610.
The purpose of the settlement was to acquire natural resources for profit and to spread Christianity. Even though it was a very immense plan, 80% of the settlers died within the first four years. The question is what are the reasons so many colonist die in Jamestown between 1607 and 1611? So many colonists died because of their terrible relations with Powhatan Indians, lack of clean water,
WAnother reason why so many colonists died is, the Powhatan Indians. From the time the colonists arrived through August the Indians killed at least 5. (Fausz) At first it seems as though the Indians left the colonists alone. However between 1609-1610, the Indians killed at least 110 colonists. (Fausz) The colonists had Inappropriate clothing and no defense technique.
Houses were burned down, wagon trains, farms, and homes were raided. It had gotten out of control, and so the governor demanded the Native Americans surrender, so that they could be taken care of, and no one would die. A couple of hundred surrendered, but many of the others did not, and sought out for a negotiation instead. The governor did not have the power to negotiate, so he told them to wait at the sand creek while he figured it out. Instead of negotiating he was ordered to kill them, since the Native Americans had killed so many people.
Their way of life was also harmed because with the expansion came the building of a railroad. The U.S. citizens were killing buffalo to feed railroad workers and to give leather to factories. Around 1 million buffalo were killed each year and soon they were dying off. In document five, it shows what each part of the buffalo was used for. It shows that the Native Americans used every part of the animals just to survive.
“We starved because we did not plan well, work hard, or have good government.” (Doc D) In other words, Smith asserts they failed to prepare and adjust because of their reliance on Native Americans for the first two years. Once Smith left the Natives stopped helping them. It got so bad that
The Cherokees had to leave everything behind and on the journey 4,000 had died. Jackson ignored that the Indians had lived on that land for many generations and were being forced to give up their homes. Jackson can be denounced as a fraud and an opportunist who wrecked the U.S economy in the 1800s. He did not hesitate to use his presidential power and he was often referred negatively as “ King Andrew I” for his autocratic behavior. Indians were treated unfairly even when they tried to adopt American customs.
In the end the war caused hundreds of Indians and colonist deaths and towns and villages destroyed. One of the worst attacks was Bacon 's rebellion. About a thousand Virginians broke out of control in 1676 led by Nathaniel Bacon. They resented Berkeley 's friendly policies toward indians (Document B). Chaos swept over the Indians and the rebellion.
Well many colonists died because of their water supply, their relationship with the natives, and because of their knowledge of survival. These factor lead to early death for most of the colonist. The water supply for Jamestown was brackish, or filthy, and lead to disease. Also, there were many years that they went through a drought and did not have enough water for farming. The colonist dumped human waste into the rivers, and it tended to gather instead of flush away.
At Martin’s Hundred, they’ve killed way more than half of their population in Wolstenholme Towne where just two houses and part of a church were left still standing.all, the Powhatan tribe killed about four hundred colonists (a third of the population) and they also took 20 women in as captives, Their captives lived their lives and worked hard and tried to be good Powhatan Indians until they died or their ransom took place. All of the Settlers abandoned the Falling Creek Ironworks, Henricus, and the Smith’s Hundred. Accounts say that the attack took place on a good friday, it’s incorrect. Zero of the contemporary accounts at all have mentioned a good friday not ever not even once, but they have said on a friday morning the twenty second of march sixteen twenty two,it really was on a friday that wasn’t a lie but the good friday of that year fell on april 19 about almost a month after the surprise attack on
Unfortunately, British settlers at Jamestown and the Algonquian tribe had a strained relationship. When looking at primary documents, it is evident that there was a great deal of enmity between them. In Document 3-1 of Reading The American Past, an indentured servant describes some of the horrors that he witnessed during a surprise attack from the Algonquian tribe. He mentions how 26 men were killed by natives and a captain was decapitated. Furthermore, fear was struck into their hearts when they realized all the weapons and armor were stolen.