“Letter from Birmingham Jail” is a very famous argument that was written by Martin Luther King Jr. in 1963 after being arrested for protesting in the streets of Birmingham, Alabama. His letter is a direct response to criticism from southern white religious leaders about King’s actions. Martin Luther King Jr. was a black Minister and one of the most famous activists of the Civil Rights Movement. The Civil Rights Movement is defined as the major protest by blacks to fight unfair laws and promote equal rights for all. “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” was written during a time period of social change in America.
African Americans have the ability to do as a white can do. The only difference between a black and white is the color of their skin. This realization made African American want to fight for equality. African Americans started the civil right movement Even after the Emancipation proclamation the African Americans in southern states, still had to deal with oppression, segregation and racial violence. Civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr., Rosa Parks, Malcolm X and others got tired of the law “separate but equal”.
He led a march in Birmingham, where students were taught how to protest without violence by marching and singing. Afterwards, President Kennedy called for desegregation of public places and the hiring of African Americans. “The Birmingham campaign was a victory for Dr. King and a great moment for the civil rights movement.” (Ching 24). Dr. King was a leader of the civil rights movement. Black and white Americans began supporting Dr. King’s beliefs, and important civil rights laws were passed, such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
“The originator of the March on Washington in 1963, Randolph aimed to obtain government sponsorship of black jobs.” (History). Randolph’s understanding of the economic needs of blacks predated the riots that drew the nation’s attention to them. He also became a critic of the black power movement, which he believed was programmatically bankrupt. The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement. The victory made Randolph the leading black figure in the labor
He believes that education is essential if the black community wants to fight against the injustice and take a stand for equality of their civil liberties. His assumption that he is speaking to a group comprised of under-educated black Americans is what allows Malcolm X to inspire this audience to go against the white community and fight for equality. This is still relevant today as showcased by members of the Black Lives Matter movement who are still fighting for justice and equality for black Americans and are protesting for an end to discrimination and racism as more and more unarmed black Americans are being shot and killed by the police all around the United
On August 28, 1963, thousands of people gathered near the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. to hear the leader of one of the greatest freedom protests in history. Martin Luther King Jr. was a pastor from the south, the elected leader of the bus boycotts. His speech that day in Washington is one of the most eminent pieces of oral literature. His dissent to the shameful conditions was painfully obvious. There was a reason his speech touched the hearts of so many and caused congress to take action.
“Letter from Birmingham Jail” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is known as a civil rights movement activist and he is recognized around the world as a symbol of freedom, liberty, and peace. He was the central figure for African –Americans and to speak up for people. He thrives to have a better future for his family and other Africans –Americans. He was the first to protest a boycott and in 1963 of April he was arrested in Birmingham, Alabama for participating in a non-permit march. In his time in jail he wrote a “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, which he uses all the rhetorical appeals.
The activist involved were Martin Luther King Jr, Rosa Parks, Malcolm X, and others. It included nonviolent acts and certain acts to target disobedience. August of 1963, 250,000 people went to Washington to march for freedom, “Led by King, millions of blacks took the streets for peaceful protest as well as acts against disobedience and economic boycotts” (Simkins). Because of this movement expanded across the world, it caused people to unite as one for what they thought was right. A few months before another group boycotted on a public bus, ending in
King was fed up with the way he and the black community were treated so he turned to peaceful protesting. King was in Birmingham because injustice was prominent. King was arrested on April 16, 1963. for ignoring an injunction by the government. During King’s time in jail, which was for eight days, he wrote “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” His letter was written to justify his actions and to defend his acts of nonviolent protests. In Dr.
Their first well known event was the Sheraton Palace Demonstration. The Sheraton Palace Demonstration was where students protested to put an end to the lack of African Americans being hired at the hotel and the lack of African Americans who held executive positions. Approximately four thousand people participated in protesting and occupying the hotel, a high percentage of this number being white University of California- Berkeley students. When the fall semester began again, white students took it upon themselves to educate their peers on the Civil Rights Movement, and the abuses black people were facing. Their ultimate goal being to end racial discrimination in the Bay Area (Freeman).
One historical event we have studied this year was the Montgomery Bus Boycott which began on December 5th 1955 and ended on December 20th 1956 in Montgomery, Alabama. African Americans had been discriminated against since slavery began in 1619, and even after slavery was abolished in 1863, black people still faced extreme racism every day. An example of this is the enforced segregation of public buses. The front section of the buses were for white passengers and the back section was for Black passengers. Although black people made up 70% of the passengers of public buses, if the bus was full and a white person wanted to get on then the black people would have to give up their seats for the whites and stand.
A few months later George Wallace attempted to prevent enrollment of black students at the University of Alabama. These events caused the President to realize he could no longer avoid the issue of race. President Kennedy addressed the nation the night of the University of Alabama confrontation, he spoke of the “moral issue” facing the United States. He introduced new legislative proposals prohibiting segregation. To support this legislation 200,000 demonstrators marched on Washington for the largest Civil Rights demonstration in United Stated history.