With the rise of white supremacist groups and the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) the persecution of black Americans increased as their freedom was seen as a threat to white Americans. When ex-slaves would try to flee plantations and set up their own farms, they would be lynched or murdered. In 1867, a former slave owner in Tennessee said that they continued to whip, maim and kill black Americans as if slavery still existed. The amendments and acts did not make the perception of black Americans change, by law they were regarded as equal individuals who deserved equal treatment everywhere, but in society they were still regarded as inferior and animalistic, and laws and legislation in southern states were set up to continue that ideology. The ‘Plessy vs. Ferguson’ Supreme Court case approved the ‘separate but equal’ legal segregation.
No one “questioned the legitimacy of slavery nor the propriety of a black man owning a black slave.” Breen and Innes argue slavery and racism are not as strong in the early century because you status in your community was established by how much land you owned. The more land you owned, the more equality and rights you
After the 1860 election, Lincoln made a firm public decision not to accept the expansion of slavery into the territories. In other words, Lincoln 's early position as president was that, slavery could remain in current slave states but could not expand to new states or territories. Although, Lincoln’s views on slavery often shifted some of them seemed to contradict one another. On another note, current slave states could vouch to keep things the way that they are but, Lincoln still felt that if a nation was divided it would be almost impossible to survive. Lincoln 's views at this time were politically motivated, and they focused on ending the war and preserving the Union.
“This battle with Mr. Covey was the turning-point in my career as a slave” (69). Douglass’s actions of fighting back against Mr. Covey set the tone of vindictive, disproved that all negroes should be ruled by their white masters. Douglass was tired of his master taking control over him, so he fought back against slavery.
Twain uses the King’s greed to represent the southerners who did not want to give up slavery because they would lose money from it. In the end, slaves were freed and hundreds of plantations and southern properties were destroyed during the Civil War. One critic even wrote, “ Huck has to keep moving,
Numerous people in the South believed that ending slavery in the United States would put the nation’s economy in debt. In general, from U.S. History stated, “Defenders of slavery argued that if all the slaves were freed, there would be widespread unemployment and chaos” (“The Southern Argument for Slavery”). In other words, the defenders of slavery thought setting the slaves free would cause massive destruction around the United States and many of the defenders of slavery used biblical verse to get their point across. Specifically, abolitionists argued that there are no laws protecting slaves and that slave owners held to much power. For example, in 1852 a woman named Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote a book called Uncle Tom’s Cabin to portray those thoughts.
Consequently, the North and the South developed different societies and economies. During the 1830s, the abolitionist movement in the North viewed slavery as an immoral act and urged the end of slavery, which took away the liberty of slaves. In response to the abolitionism, many Southerners became more determined to defend slavery. This led to the splitting of free and slaves states. The North would have free states and the South would have slave states.
In the 19th century, slavery and the Reconstruction was a sore subject for the South. Reconstruction forged civil rights for African-Americans, but once the North’s influenced waned in the South, the South terrorized African-Americans and blocked them from accessing their newfound rights. While Reconstruction may have brought civil rights, those rights were quickly squashed by the South’s racism. Even after certain freedoms were securely gained, every new attempt to make African-Americans equal to the white populace was contested. A large group of people were happy to see slavery ended and civil rights rise.
With no final agreement, the country had no other choice but to go to war with itself. The slow decline of the, once powerful, Southern economy and the major issue of the abolishment of slaves are what led to the cause of the American Civil War. While economics and political structure played an important role in the cause of the Civil War, slavery was the main reason why altercations arose. Many historians and teachers try to hide the fact that slavery was such a huge factor in the cause of the Civil War because they looked at slavery as the “norm”. To them, the differences between the Republicans and Democratic formed great disagreement.
Racism is a part of American history that can never be forgotten; a dark past that shows the constant mistreatment of African-Americans. Although African-Americans were freed from slavery in the 1860’s, discrimination continues to be seen today. Racism is defined as prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one 's own race is superior. The white supremacy woven into mainstream American culture led to the continued widespread exclusion of African-Americans. In the sporting world, race is a widely discussed topic that frequently comes up.