By the time Harper was 25, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was passed, which greatly increased Northern involvement in slavery. Before that point, most Northerners took a position of apathy, but after this point, they could not ignore the issue. As a result, there was a lot of backlash, including the publishing of Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852), followed by John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry in 1859. When Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1860, the country was at its tipping point and South Carolina seceded shortly afterward, creating a domino effect until the Civil War started in 1861. After four years of war, the Emancipation Proclamation, and thousands of deaths on both sides, the Civil War was over which started a new period and system of race relations in America: Reconstruction.
Abraham Lincoln was significant because of his role as the leader who protected the Union throughout the Civil War. He remained president throughout what was a difficult time period for our nation, his plans for the Reconstruction period were brought to a halt when he was assassinated in Ford’s Theatre 1865. His Emancipation Proclamation altered the atmosphere towards the war and the lives of African Americans, the purpose of the war was changed. Lincoln had other speeches that still remain important today such as the Gettysburg, he intended to join the North and South once again after the war but he never finished his work.
Efforts to compromise on both sides failed and they both prepared for war. Confederate forces fired to Fort Sumter and that began the hostilities. The confederate campaigns in Maryland and Kentucky failed, jeopardizing the British intervention. In summer of 1862, the Union destroyed the Confederate river navy, most of the western armies and also took over New Orleans. The causes of the war can be traced to the roots of our political fabric, in the complexity of mankind, in the fundamental law, in the Constitution itself, and in the institution of slavery which it recognized and ironically intended to protect.
The Reconstruction of many Southern states from the year 1865 to 1877 is a failure, although reconstruction plans are set up, African Americans still face the same poor treatment they are given prior to the Civil War. The president at the time, Abraham Lincoln, puts in place a reconstruction plan to help rebuild the South in a way it has never been before, without slaves. Lincoln also puts the thirteenth amendment in place, which abolishes slavery. However, after Lincoln’s death, his Vice President, Andrew Johnson takes over and overrules his reconstruction plan, and puts in place his own, which favors the former Confederate states. Johnson fights with congress over the passing of the fourteenth amendemnet, but Congress overrules his vetoes,
From 1780 to 1800, America’s government experienced many changes. Leadership and presidency was passed on, changes in slavery were already coming about, land disputes arose, and partisan tensions began to rise. Through these years, the nation experienced many changes, but they still managed to stay fairly steady in their ideals. As time progressed, America witnessed many changes in slavery.
The period of rebuilding southern infrastructure and North and South relations following the American civil war all the way to the year 1877 known as reconstruction had many successes and failures. The political and social aspects of this era were pivotal in determining the success of Reconstruction. The political state of the America during this period are greatly important to understanding reconstruction. Due to the republican president Lincoln’s assassination just days before the official end of the American civil war, the duty of guiding the United States through reconstruction was left to Democrat Andrew Johnson.
Republicans wanted to make sure the confederacy was going to stay faithful to keep their word to not to attempt depart again Federal Reconstruction had successfully freed the slaves by passing the 13th, 14th and 15th amendment, following many other great achievements throughout reconstruction. Reconstruction originally began during the civil war in 1863 attempted implement by President Lincoln. It was new journey to rejoining the former confederacy back into the union under slight punishment along with their word of trust. Many white southerner’s were still
“The policy of this country ought to be…to nationalize our country, so that we shall love our country,” states Senator John Sherman in Document B. Throughout the years of 1860-1876, several events occurred, that were said to have “amounted in a revolution” over time. Complete succession of South Carolina from the Union in December of 1860 led a trail of states to leave over the course of time, leading to issues for the Union. Equal rights and privileges, and power of the federal government became topics that most often created enormous debates in these chaotic 17 years. The United States had a lack of nationality and obviously there was lack of unity. All of this chaos built up and effected the way America was managed.
Most well known, Andrew Jackson led a militia that harshly pressured Indians to surrender most of the southeastern lands that later became Alabama and Mississippi. Also, in January 1815, Jackson notably revolted against British forces at the Battle of New Orleans. Ironically, this battle was done before the information that the American and British compromisers had ratified the Treaty of Ghent had reached America. This treaty had ended the war the month before the Battle of New Orleans had been launched into action. This document did not change anything for America, it did not give us any territory or rights to U.S. ships or impressment.
The Emancipation Proclamation was a very important turning point of the civil war. Making the fight to preserve human freedom. This was declared by Abraham Lincoln a month after the union victory of the battle of Antietam. The CSA was not all happy, Jefferson Davis the president of the CSA stated that Lincoln had no right of freeing the slaves in the south. He said that the slaves were happy, and with the Proclamation it would make the slaves think to kill their masters.
After 1867, an expanding number of southern whites swung to viciousness in light of the progressive changes of Radical Reconstruction. The Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacist associations focused on neighborhood Republican pioneers, white and dark, and other African Americans who tested white power. Despite the fact that government enactment went amid the organization of President Ulysses S. Stipend in 1871 focused on the Klan and other people who endeavored to meddle with dark suffrage and other political rights, white matchless quality slowly reasserted its hang on the South after the mid 1870s as backing for Reconstruction faded. Bigotry was still a strong power in both South and North, and Republicans turned out to be more progressive and less libertarian as the decade proceeded. In 1874–after a monetary discouragement dove a great part of the South into poverty–the Democratic Party won control of the House of Representatives interestingly since
Ruther B. Hayes, the Republican candidate, and Samuel J. Tilden, the Democrat candidate, were both running for president. The 1876 election was the most controversial election America has ever seen. Millions of African-American lives were crushed by the election of 1876. In order to win the election, Ruther Hayes created the Compromise of 1877 and in return, pulled the soldiers out the South who were there for Reconstruction. Reconstruction means to rebuild the South and introduce them back into society.
The Civil War was not inevitable. The Civil War started when many sides and opinions clashed in a debate that caused the deadliest war to Americans in history. The war began when slave states began to spread slavery into the West and increased in the South. This caused riots in the states and political instability when the issue caused the rising of 2 new parties. But was this war avoidable?