Indian Literature in English denotes the works by writers in India who write in English language and whose native language could be one of the numerous languages of India. It is defined as literature written originally in English by the writers who are Indian by birth, ancestry, and nationality. Indian Literature in English is now being developed and gaining impetus as literature in true sense of the term. The English language came to India with arrival of the British. The British came to India with motive of trade.
The Indian English Novel, moreover, has now been widely much-admired all over the world, as it has been successful in carving its own position not only in the world of commonwealth literature but also in the ‘World literature’. Though the origin of Indian literature in English as a whole is necessarily the English education and the introduction of British literature, the Indian English Novel emerged as a necessary product of its own story telling tradition and the tradition of English novel. So, it is considered that one of the most noteworthy gifts of English education to India is prose fiction for though India was probably a fountain head of story-telling, the novel as we know today was an importation from the
To briefly remember and recollect the beginnings, Raja Rammohan Roy strongly advocated the Western instead of Oriental education. The founder of English literature in India was virtually and indirectly Lord Macaulay, Raja Rammohan Roy has inculcated in the native minds love for the English language and later a passionate zeal for literary creation in it. With the passage of time a handful of eminent writers emerged on the Indian literary scene who produced literary specimens of considerable standard that blazed a new trail and guided many young aspiring writers. Therefore, the appearance of Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Toru Dutt, and others on the literary horizon is not an event that can be described as fortuitous but a natural corollary. Ever
Krishnan Mohan is considered as the first Indian English playwrite. C.S, Nazir followed the footsteps of Krishnan Mohan and contributed Indian English Drama. After that Rabindranath Tagore and Sri Aurobindo contributed hugely for the development of Indian English drama. Their writings are mainly on the philosophical plane. The contribution of T.P.
He has also been called India’s poet laureate, ‘the sun of India’, ‘the sentinel of the East’, and ‘the bard of the East’. As stated by Prof. Iyengar, Tagore is rightly “the one writer who first gained for modern India a place on the world literary scene” ((Iyengar:
have achieved name and fame all over the world along with almost all International Literary awards. It is true that the above names are marked only in the genres of fiction. Shauna Singh Baldwin, who won the Commonwealth Prize for the Caribbean and Canada region, has said in one of her interviews, “We are the third generation of Indians writing in English. The first were writers like R.K. Narayan and Kamala Markandaya, who were writing from India. Next came the writers who migrated to the West: Salman Rushdie, Vikram Seth, Bharati Mukherjee, Meera Sayal.
“Contemporary Indian literature which is only one and a half centuries old is marked by amazing variations in both the literatures and the regions through which it was produced”. In India contemporary literature was origin at 19th century. The 20th century literatures are more modern than 19th century. The three terms in modern context are highly condensed for historical experiences. Anything fashionable today is considered as modern.
Mulk Raj Anand is one of the Indian English fiction writer along with R.K. Narayan, Ahamed Ali, Raja Rao, was one of the first India- based writers in English. Anand is the one of the famous critic writer in Indian English fiction. Anand is not only a novelist and he is also a short story writer and art critic writing in English. Anand was among those who gave Hindustani idioms to English. In his work he arise our pity among the poor peoples of India by showing a real- life representation of the people.
Keywords: Patriotism Independence Indo-Anglian freedom INTRODUCTION: "You’ll never have a quiet world till you knock the patriotism out of the human race.” … George Bernard Shaw The Indian English poetry began far back before the independence. The credit of introducing Indians to English goes to Lord Macaulay. The Indian value of cultural assimilation was applied to English language. With English education, Indians befriended English making it a language of their intellectual as well as emotional make - up. Naidu, in order to counter the western influence, prompted the native Indian colors and folk culture in her poetry.
English is the most important of all living languages, its literature deals with universal themes and values. Today Indian English literature has reached the peak of creation. The beginning of 19th century was a rebirth to India because of the rise of Indian English literature. According to Sir Aurobindo, “the attempt of a reawakened national spirit to find a new impulse of self- expression which shall give the spiritual force for a great reshaping and rebuilding.” Earlier the Indian English literature was referred to as an Indo-Anglian literature. Half – century before the Great Revolt, English education with western ideas came into a great force.