If you travel 7000 miles to a new kingdom but once you get there, you walk into someone getting their fingers chopped off, what are you going to do? Back in the days of King Hammurabi, this is very likely to happen to anyone that broke one of this cruel King’s laws. King Hammurabi became the ruler of Babylon, a small city-state in Mesopotamia, in 1792 BCE. Hammurabi took the place of his father, Sin-Muballit, after he died from health problems. Hammurabi claims to have gotten his 282 laws from the god of justice, Shamash. Were Hammurabi’s Laws Just? That is the question we are going to be talking about throughout this essay. I will explain whether or not I think the laws are just. The definition of the word “just” is fair, therefore I will be explaining if I think the laws are fair or unfair. In my opinion, Hammurabi’s laws were unfair to the citizens of the civilization. The laws were very cruel, unnecessary, and very extra. In the following paragraphs, I will explain my reasoning for my thoughts on Hammurabi’s laws.
Throughout history, there has been several examples of shifts within the political and economic structures of early era societies. Such shifts are viewed in the Babylonian society under Hammurabi, the Athenian society under Solon as their lawgiver, and, lastly, in the Roman society with Plebeians. The Code of Hammurabi, the reforms of Solon, and the Twelve Tables shared several similarities as well as differences when addressing the issues of class divisions and social hierarchy. Each of them implemented a social stratification alongside several other distinctive standards on their individual societies in the hope to create a peaceful balance. In fact, the elements of socioeconomic status are the prime factors that created this social hierarchy.
Illustrate in your mind living during the 1750’s B.C.E and living in Babylon. The king and ruler, Hammurabi had multiple laws to rule this society, to make sure the widows and orphans were safe and that the weak were protected from the strong. Hammurabi ruled Babylon for about 32 years. He wrote laws using the writing system, Cuneiform. Some of these laws were harsh. Maybe too harsh. Were these laws just? Was Hammurabi’s code just? Hammurabi’s code was not just because the personal injury laws did not protect all people equally, property laws were harsh and not protecting people enough, and the Family laws should allow people to be with whoever they want to be with.
The American legal system has been influenced by many historical rulers and laws. Three that have influenced the American legal system the most are Roman laws, moral laws and Hammurabi’s code in my opinion.
Have you ever heard the expression, treat others how you want to be treated? Well that's what Hammurabi’s code is all about. Babylonia was ruled by king Hammurabi for 42 years in 1754 BCE. In those years Hammurabi made a set of 282 laws called Hammurabi’s code to create justice and the laws were placed on a steele. Hammurabi's code was just because his purpose was to protect the weak, he made laws about property to protect your house and laws to punish people if they injure you.
Was Hammurabi’s code just? Nearly 4,000 years ago, a man named Hammurabi became king of a city state called babylon. Hammurabi made a very important code in 18th century B.C.E. Hammurabi made 282 laws and he made these codes to protect the weak and poor from the strong. There are areas of law where Hammurabi’s code can be shown to be both, just and unjust. These are Family Law, Property Law, and Personal Injury Law. Each type of code is meant to bring justice to all the parts of society so that there would be fairness to the accused, fairness to the victim and fairness for society.
Hammurabi's code and the Ten Commandments have similar rules or laws to follow. In Chapter 20, Verse 12, The Ten Commandments say that one should, “Honor your father and your mother, that your days will be prolonged in the land your Lord your God gives you.” This is basically saying that if you respect your parents you shall be rewarded with the Promised land. The same goes for Hammurabi's code. Law 195 says, ”If a son strike his father, his hands shall be hewn off.” Hitting your parents is very disrespectful, so, Hammurabi’s code is telling children to respect their parents. Both Ten Commandments and Hammurabi's Code also enforce rules about stealing. Chapter 20, Verse 15 of the Ten Commandments says, “You shall not steal”. Hammurabi’s code
How would you feel if you had your hands chopped off? This can happen in Hammurabi’s code. If a son struck his father, his hand would be chopped off. Hammurabi ruled Babylon for 42 years. In the 38th year of his rule, Hammurabi had 282 laws carved on a large pillar like stone called stele. Some laws varied according to whether you were either higher class or lower class, and whether you were a man or a woman. Hammurabi’s Code was not just because the punishments were cruel and some were gruesome. Children were not treated as well as adults, even though his laws were supposed to protect woman and young children.
The Babylonian king Hammurabi, who expanded the city-state of Babylon across the Euphrates River, proclaimed one of the earliest and most complete ancient legal codes B.C. Hammurabi was the sixth king of the First Babylonian Dynasty, reigning from 1792 BC to 1750 BC. His father, Sin-Muballit, who abdicated due to failing health, preceded Hammurabi. He is known today for his law code that supported “an eye for a eye” and the civil rights he gave to members of the society other than men. Hammurabi set a strong foundation for our society today, with his rules and family relationship changes, he did it by making a set in stone law code, and giving the women of ancient Babylonia more civil rights in marriage.
What’s so important about the Law Code of Hammurabi? Why does it hold so much value? What has it done in today’s modern day society? I find it to be one of those things that helped better this world. Providing an organized set of laws, it helped structure human civilization. The consequences of this code held everyone accountable for their own actions. It makes you really think twice before committing any act of negligence. Being that it was discovered by Archeologists inscribed on stones is proof that it had lots of value. Knowing that there was only a vast majority of people who actually had the ability to read and write during that time, someone chosen had to have written this law of codes. Not to mention these people during that age and time had to essentially be masters of their crafts or pay for their mistakes through death, torment or their
Did you know Hammurabi created the first set of laws.Hammurabi was a king of Mesopotamia.Hammurabi’s codes were laws.They were the first set of written laws. The purpose was to punish people for stealing ,murdering,and other things.Hammurabi’s codes were just because it is a punishment and they are fair to people.Hammurabi’s Code is just for two reasons family law and property law.
Hammurabi's code and the modern laws have several similarities and differences. For example, they are both intended to maintain order in society. However, Hammurabi’s code is far more violent than modern law. Also, they have different ways of handling things, different punishments, and different social structure.
The Code of Hammurabi was written by King Hammurabi and were the first set of laws to ever be created. Hammurabi created 282 laws, that set standards in his empire and in ancient Mesopotamia. Hammurabi made it clear that the laws were not only to equalize society but also establish fairness and also protect the weak from the strong. However, according to the laws, the punishment for men, women, rich, and the poor, were all different; leading that he made the laws unfair. The women of Mesopotamia had a series of laws where it clearly shows they were classified as property. Some laws had harsh punishments and other laws you just had to pay for what you did. Hammurabi clearly showed the opposite of equal among the social classes, by favoring the rich and making it harder for the poor. With the different social classes,
The first point that Hebrews exhibit all features of a civilization is after their Exodus from Egypt and rise in Jerusalem, in my opinion. Although the Hebrews did live in tribes and show pieces of civilizations beforehand, they had adopted aspects of the Mesopotamian civilization and did not fit into all categories for a civilization. The Hebrews needed to exhibit several things, on their own, and those things are: a writing system, complex government, job specialization, complex religion, art and architecture, rise in cities, public works, and finally social classes. To start, Moses helped them with religion and transformed them into a nation in the early 13th century, as well as, helped them believe in Yahweh, the one god. After Moses, the Hebrews had their first king, Saul, which can be assumed that at this point they had a complex government. With having a place to call their homeland,