The Cold War: Communism In The United States

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The Soviet Union and the United Nations, led by the United States of America, were engaged in political and economic clashes, known as the Cold War, from the late 1940s to early 1950s. The Soviet Union stood for a Communist government, a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. Communism gained power in the 1930s, from the Great Depression because everyone was then relying on the government to fix the crisis. The United States had a Capitalist government, where a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, and the people have individual rights. So with the two governments clashing, neither of the powers liked what each other stood…show more content…
Senator, was closely associated with the anticommunist movement. He was also the man responsible for the word, McCarthyism, which is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. But in 1954, he went too far when he attacked a young assistant in Joseph Welch’s law firm. Another anticommunist was John Edgar Hoover, who aided many of legislative investigations of communist activities. The House Un-American Activities Committee, also known as HUAC, was a committee of the U.S. House of Representatives that investigated allegations of communist activity in the U.S. during the early years of the Cold War. While some people agreed with HUAC and McCarthy’s actions, others were outraged because of the separations of families and friends because of mostly false allegations. Many normal people went into questioning and were effected on personal levels, like being fired from jobs and being blacklisted. HUAC exposed communists working inside the US government and the Hollywood film industry. In the government, federal employees were analyzed to test if they were loyal to the government. But there were one person, Alger Hiss, a former member of Teddy Roosevelt’s elite who established the United Nations, was to everyone's shock, a Communist agent. Before his presidency, Richard Nixon took over the questioning when Hiss went into the interrogation room. In the Hollywood…show more content…
Joseph McCarthy and John Edgar Hoover enlarged fear that with exaggeration. The public believed a nuclear attack was going to be in cities because that was where most people lived and worked and that would effect the government the most. Kids in school would even practice “air raid drills,” going into the basement of the school as fast as possible, just like they practiced fire drills. People also built fallout shelters in their backyards, but most were very poorly built. The media coverage made people worry about nuclear war because of the news about the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Red Scare also began because of the United States bombing on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan in World War 2. But scientists, researchers, and mathematicians were excited for the discovery of nuclear technology because it was the first weapon with the radioactive element, uranium. The theory was straightforward, but the challenge was now how to control it without the bomb blowing itself up. In 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin Roosevelt warning him about the new weapon. Einstein was concerned that Germany was working on the bomb. The President took Einstein’s word and his letter led to the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was so secretive, most workers, not even Vice-President Truman, did not know what they working for. No one except scientists, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and his trusted

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