The Cold War was a period filled with many emotions such as anger and fear. While the war did not involve many military actions, it still cause some of the largest tensions between Eastern and Western ideology. As the Cold War involved many factors, the tension causing factors were primarily the so-called “Arms Race” and United States Policies. These tensions caused each government to voice their opinions about what was going on. Many people of power, such as Presidents and Prime Ministers, spoke on these issues to their country. The many issues allowed fact-based and proven thoughts, shown throughout this paper.
Disagreement between the two superpowers, the U.S and the U.S.S.R is what started the Cold War, just as disagreement is the start of any other war. Disagreements grew and became feuds and feuds caused tension, which created an uncomfortable position and lifestyle for everyone. When the United States and the Soviet Union’s alliance ended, they realized they had different viewpoint on how nation’s should
The fatal noise of sirens ring out, while children in your class duck under desks for safety. This was one of the reasons the United States wanted containment in the world. During this time period of containment, the Cold War was going on with the U.S. and the Soviet Union (now Russia). This cold war was a name for the period of conflict between the Soviet Union and her communist allies and the United States and her democratic, capitalist allies. The Cold War lasted from 1945 to 1991 when the Soviet Union fell apart. But really, how did the United States and their allies contain communism. What exactly is containment? The definition of containment in this case is the US policy of not letting the Soviet Union expand its empire. The U.S. contained communism at The Berlin Air lift, The Korean War, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
"The Cold War was an ideological contest between the western democracies especially the United States and the Communist countries that emerged after the Second World War" (Tindall 972). The United States and the Soviet Union had differences over issues such as human rights, individual liberties, economic freedom, and religious belief. "Mutal suspicion and a race to gain influence and control over the so called nonaligned or third world countries further polarized" (Tindall 945). After the WWII Soviets dominate European countries and thought the U.S. had the same motives.
The Cold War was an icy rivalry that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II. This rivalry first developed because the two conflicting nations had different ideas of successful economies. The United States believed that capitalism, in which private owners control trade and industry was more efficient than Communism, in which the state or government control trade and industry. In addition, many of the events that occurred at The Yalta Conference played a significant role in the cause of this era of competition that lasted from 1947 to 1991. At Yalta, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin agreed that Poland’s government would include members of the pre-war Polish government and that free elections would be held
After the conclusion of World War II, tensions arose between the USSR and the US between 1947-1991. During World War II, the two powerful nations were unalike in most ways–geologically, ideologically, and economically– but were unified with their goal to defeat their common enemies. But, after World War II, both superpowers strove to prove superiority over the other. One important distinction between the two were their support of different governmental systems, which created a large amount of tension because the US, filled with anticommunist sentiments, wanted to contain the spread of communism while spreading the ideals of democracy. Amongst this conflict of ideals, the issues extended to military power competition, consisting of an arms
Distrust between the US and the USSR lead to many years of tension. During the Yalta Conference of Feburary of 1945, Stalin promised free elections for Eastern European. Stalin broke this promise, and created a buffer zone with East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria. Those nations were turned communist, and divided Europe, which lead to Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech. Churchill stated, “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, and iron curtain has descended across the continent. […] All these famous cities and the populations around them lie in the Soviet sphere and all are subject in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and increasing measure of control from Moscow” (Document 1). Stalin was spreading communism throughout Europe, going against the agreement made at the Yalta Conference. The US no longer trusted the USSR.
In Cuba, after the Cold War, the blockade, which was an embargo against Cuba, that blocked all imports stayed in effect. Cuba also remains a Communist state. . (Acrobatiq, 2014)
After World War II ended, there was an immense tension all over the world; United States and the USSR emerged as the two principal potencies. A new era was coming, the beginning of the Cold War, a clash between the two most powerful countries in the world in almost every possible ambit, such as social, political, military, economical, among others. Also, the influence of these two countries with different systems; United States with capitalism and the USSR with communism, started to blossom over the smaller nations, in a race to prove who is the best. Consequently, these external relationships had to be regularized in a way that could maintain the bond strong and both sides could benefit from it, like the military-industrial
Could you imagine living in a time of constant fear of nuclear war? For many people living today, this was once a daily reality. From 1945 to 1991, the two world superpowers, the United States and the USSR clashed in a series of ideological political battles that completely changed and defined the post-WWII world. This was known as the Cold War. After founding and developing Marxist ideologies over two world wars, the USSR naturally wanted to spread communism across the world. To combat this, the U.S. followed a policy called ‘containment’ that strived to ‘contain’ communism rather than fight it directly, much like combating a virus; There is no direct way to outright kill a virus, it has to be contained. The policy of containment was needed
The Cold War was a term Walter Lippmann used to refer to the relations between the U.S. and the USSR after World War II. Many historians, over the years, have debated on the subject of ‘What started the Cold War?’ There’s no clear answer, one thing’s for sure; although Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe was a cause, it was not the main reason for the Cold War. Mr. Winston Churchill’s iron curtain speech, along with Mr. X’s theories for containment, prove that Soviet Domination was a cause of the Cold War. Since other causes will be presented in this essay, I will prove [or at least try to prove] that Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe was not the main cause of the Cold War. During the Cold War era of 1946-1991, all the United States and the
The Cold War is a very significant event, and perhaps one of the most important throughout US history. The Cold War shaped American in many aspects like, foreign policy, political ideology (ism’s), economy, the presidency, and lives of American’s. According to APA, (American Psychological Association) the Cold War was, “intense economic, political, military, and ideological rivalry between nations, short of military conflict; sustained hostile political policies and an atmosphere of strain between opposed countries.” The Cold War on foreign policy had to step up against the Soviet Union, the strategy they implemented was called “containment”. Containment was a policy used by the US using strategies to prevent the spread of communism overseas
The second document highlights the National Security Council 68, a central document of the Cold War that laid out the strategic foundation for American foreign policy after the devastating decline of western European powers during World War II left the United States and Soviet Union as the dominant nations. The National Security Council argues that the Soviet Union poses a threat due to “being animated by a new fanatic faith” in communism to impose “absolute authority over the world” (Doc 2). This type of behavior is anti-ethical to the American values, so the fight between America and the Soviet Union was inevitable. The document outlined possible responses of isolation, diplomatic efforts to negotiate, or the rapid buildup of strength of
he first chapter of The Cold War: A New History begins by comparing the United States to the U.S.S.R. and talking about the similarities between the two. It also talks about Communism and how Marx deemed it necessary in order to build up the economy. Lenin tried to implement Communism in Russia. They were not quite ready for that kind of system, so Stalin tried to modernize the economy. The U.S.S.R. had more casualties in World War II, but things were not necessarily looking great in America either. U.S. citizens were afraid that the Great Depression could return. Many Americans were tired of helping out other nations and just wanted the war to be over completely. John Lewis Gaddis, the author of The Cold War: A New History, is talking about the fact that just because the war was over, Americans were not necessarily at peace. There were many different economic and social factors that the United States had to deal with in the post World War II years.
The first great-war shattered the human mind so profound that out of its aftermaths’ emerged a fresh discipline (in 1919 at the University of Whales known to us as International Relations) proposed to prevent war. “It was deemed by the scholars that the study of International Politics shall find the root cause of the worlds political problems and put forward solutions to help politicians solve them” (Baylis 2014:03). International Relations happened to play the role of a ‘correcting-mechanism’ restoring the world order of peace and amity by efforting at its best to maintain the worlds’ status quo. However with the emergence of a second world war much more massive that the first put at stake all the values of that young discipline of IR. The