However, Truman and Eisenhower made it evident that the United States was fighting for innocent civilians worldwide, but they could not promise a steady government or country while the tension exists with Russia, but the nation is doing what they must(Document C). Therefore, the Cold War spread fear which led to the United States being negatively impacted in domestic and foreign
Modern History Draft Containment During the Cold War there were many different and defining factors that affected the run of the course of this war. Something that affected the Cold War to a large extent was the American policy of containment which was designed to stop communism and their methods to do so. As America was a country that would normally stay within their own boundaries when responding to troubles. The Cold War, in particular, was a different war for America as they felt that they needed to get involved in this worldwide event. The Containment Policy was created by George Kennan in 1947 and was the United States’ main method of fighting against the Soviet Union during the Cold War (https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/kennan).
Not only did the U.S make Russians be seen as terrible people, but knowing how much power the Soviet Union had over its civilians translated the idea to the American people that Communism is what takes away the civil liberties of human beings. Americans were already having problems about conforming to society. People felt more threatened by Communism because if America became a Communist society, more of their civil liberties would be taken away. That is the worst nightmare for most Americans because we have been taught to strive for freedom. Americans during the Cold War felt that they were not just going against the Soviet Union, but also the idea of losing their freedom whatever they felt was
Instantly following the end of the Second World War, the fears of the American people rapidly began accumulating as the mistrust between, the United States and the Soviet Union intensified. During World War II, tension between the two world powers began to emerge through ideological differences such as political beliefs and contrasting views regarding the future of Poland that took place at both the Yalta conference and Potsdam. This lasting skepticism only increased as the Soviets started to become more advanced through nuclear weapons and developments in space technology. Despite Eisenhower’s acknowledgment of these widespread fears, he was not particularly successful in addressing them. The American people lived in constant fear of the spread
After World War II, the fear of autocratic governments and communism spread, especially within the United States. The idea of having a restrictive leader produced fear amongst citizens, creating a sense of distrust towards neighbors or officials that might support such a faction; this anti-communism movement was known as the Red Scare. Spearheaded by Senator Joseph McCarthy, the domestic war-on-communism reached an extreme, one that took away the freedoms of this nation’s people. Americans sacrificed civil liberties and privacy in an effort to deter the totalitarian wave from taking root in their country. During the 1950s, America was on edge, as Russia’s dictator Stalin bolstered the kind of government that went against what World War II was fought for.
When Stalin died in 1953, Nikita Khrushchev came into power. He brought about huge changes such as the de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, the progress of the early Soviet space program, and ‘several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy’. However, as to quote the internet, ‘Hoping eventually to rely on missiles for national defense, Khrushchev ordered major cuts in conventional forces. Despite the cuts, Khrushchev 's rule saw the most tense years of the Cold War, culminating in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Some of Khrushchev 's policies were seen as erratic, particularly by his emerging rivals within the Party, who quietly rose in strength and deposed him in October 1964’.
During the Cold War, hysteria in the U.S. ensued over the perceived threat of Communism. This mass hysteria became known as ‘The Red Scare’ due to Communist’s loyalty to the red flag. These fears were not totally unfounded, as the USSR had been spying inside America for a long time. The Red Scare became influential to world history by causing leaders to pass acts that would not have been passed otherwise that reduced the Communist Party to a shadow of its past self.. The Red Scare began after World War 2 had ended.
Some historians believe the Cold War was inevitable because of the hostilities from both America and the Soviet Union after World War II. America believed that the USSR was an expansionist country trying to spread an evil, communistic idea throughout the world. Although the countries never directly fought against each other, as they only fought in proxy wars, there was still extreme conflict. The United States responded to the Soviets actions in Germany, Europe, and their national actions. These responses were justifiable, or so many Americans at the time believed.
and the Soviet Union. This has happened because U.S. and Soviet Union had trust issues that almost led to nuclear war. “The Cold War is the name given to the relationship that developed primarily between the USA and the USSR after World War Two”( History Learning Site). “After World War II, the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union and its satellite states began a decades- long struggle for supremacy known as the Cold War”( The Cold War - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum). Many events have led up to the event of the cold war that caused trust issues between 2 of the powerful countries during that time.
Although the war, caused by tension, after World War 2 is called the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union were heated with one another. The United States and the USSR had tension because of the USSR’s communist tendencies. The term “Cold War” comes from author George Orwell because there were no actual physical encounters between the two. This tension led to the creation of the Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine. The Truman Doctrine was George Kennan’s idea to contain communism by using force and changing political and geographical areas.