The Cold War lasted for a total of 45 years. This period of hostility short of open war between the United States and the Soviet Union lasted from 1946 until 1991, according to the National Museum of American History.“A sphere of influence is a metaphorical region of political influences surrounding a country. When a country falls into another's "sphere of influence" that country frequently becomes subsidiary to the more powerful one, operating as a satellite country or de facto colony.” (The Free Dictionary, Sphere of influence). Both the U.S and the USSR where huge super powers in the time of the cold war, but they both had to take extreme measures in order to protect and expand their sphere of influence, This lead to such events as the Berlin
For many years, The Cold War was the issue of a fierce debate regarding who or what exactly was the reason that caused it. On this subject, there are three schools of thought: the traditionalists, the revisionists and the post-revisionists. The traditionalists blame Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union’s expansionist and violent diplomacy for being the starters of the war. “Besides violating the agreements made at the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Stalin completely disregarded the United Nations because he intended to expand and dominate his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.” (Nye 118). The revisionists kept insisting on blaming the American expansionism rather than the Soviet Union’s wish to spread communism into Eastern Europe.
It had already been determined to what to expect from USSR. Winston Churchill, who was the former Prime minister of the Great Britain, was trying to assure European nations in the unity. Throughout this period, USA and western European countries vividly saw the threat of communism from USSR. During the cold war era there have been many international and historical facts: it was the establishment of communist regime in the western countries (1945-1948), creation of German democratic republic and federal republic of Germany (1949), Korean war (1950-1953), Vietnam war (1965-1972). These confrontations have seen the world potential nuclear power threat.
During this war, because of the advancement in weaponry and technology, the excessive amount of death was a supreisment to the different powers. Specifically, the global war took the life of more than 9 million soldiers and wounded more than 21 million (“World War I history”). In addition, there were about 20 million civil casualties. Although the United States weren’t the who was affected the most in death, the war had an impact on American literature (Dayton). During the war, the American literature started off by author having their perspective on the idea of United States entering the war, which eventually change because of the involvement.
Ronald Reagan was an influential leader due to his actions in the Cold War, his stance on international peace, and his impact on the US economy. Between 1981 and 1989, Ronald Reagan was a major force in creating a peaceful end to the Cold War. The military spending policies of the Reagan-Bush years forced the Soviets to the brink of economic collapse (Jim Woods). This was beneficial to ending the Cold War because the Soviets could not afford to move resources, Nuclear Missiles, into firing positions. In particular, President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative intimidated the Soviet leaders and
This paper will analyze the role that NATO played in ending the Cold War according to the different international relation perspectives and the effect that the Cold War had on the different theoretical perspectives. Realism, one of the oldest and most fundamental perspectives of international relations focuses on a states material power in regards to the rest of the international system. According to realists, one of the main ways that a state is able to retain and protect its material power is through balancing. Steven Walt, a realist scholar claims that the balance of threat insinuates that states form alliances in order to protect themselves from other states that not only have greater power but also have a higher level of perceived threat due to various factors (Walt, 1985). Realists view NATO as a military alliance that was established out of the need for the
This investigation will answer the question to what extent did the Cold War influence pop culture during the 1950’s and 1960’s in the United States? This question is important because it’s based during the Cold War which was a time in history that was characterized by extreme hostilities between the U.S and USSR for over forty years. Amidst this time of superpowers vying for nuclear supremacy, pop culture was a major factor that emerged during this time that impacted both societies. Pop culture, particularly, American films, had an impact on Russian society. The scope of this investigation will focus only on U.S films shown in the Soviet Union.
Some researchers believe that this is particularly true for the industrialized countries with their powerful military machine. At one time, to refer to the integration of military and economic development in the conditions of modern warfare, President Eisenhower used the term military-industrial complex. Originally, the term originated in connection with attempts to ensure the systematic application of science and technology in military production. Later, however, Eisenhower began to perceive the development of the military-industrial ties as something rather disturbing, fearing that the power of the military-industrial complex has acquired such proportions that the most important decisions in the field of social and political life were out of the activities of politicians (Hunt, Colander, 2010). Many subsequent authors have argued that as a result of the Cold War (the period of hostile relations between the US and the USSR in 1950-60-ies, which led to the arms build-up by both parties) reached a particular span the United States and the Soviet Union's military-industrial complex.
‘’Truman was to blame for the outbreak of the cold war. How far do you agree with this statement?’’ The Cold War was a period of great tension between the United States of America and the Soviet Union, which were the two ‘superpowers’ that resulted from World War II. Although many believe that the ‘ideology clash’ between these two countries was the cause of the outbreak of the Cold War, many factors were involved. It would be impossible to summarize all of them in a text, since there are dozens, maybe even hundreds of small factors and events that affected the relations between these two countries, so this essay will concentrate on some of the ‘main’ causes of the cold war, at least according to historical resources. Defining the start date of the cold is a difficult thing to do: Some say it started even before World War II, after the Munich Agreement
The Soviet response to the Marshall Plan became known as the Zhdanov Doctrine. This doctrine supposed that American imperialists were trying to conquer the world and end the spread of democracy. It also claimed the Soviet Union’s goals were to eliminate imperialism and support democracy. It was no secret that the Soviet Union was, in fact, attempting to claim all of Europe for mother Russia. Thus sparked a Cold War that would last for decades.