The Cold War: The Causes Of The Cold War

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The cold war like all wars had heavy costs, costs of life, costs of freedom,and economic costs. According to Stephen I. Schwartz of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, the United States of America spent a minimum of five and a half trillion dollars on nuclear weapons between nineteen forty to nineteen ninety six. This was one of the many costs of the cold war and the United States action against the threat of Communism. Both Truman and Eisenhower focused on economic and military aid to combat the threat of Communism, however Eisenhower also focused on an expansion of military forces which was continued under Kennedy with an added focus on diplomacy. In his textbook American Anthem: Reconstruction to Present, David Ayers states that the Cold War was a time of immense tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War brought new foreign policy decisions from the United States to combat the new perceived threat of the Soviet Union and communism. Among these was the policy of containment created by George F. Kennan (Ayers 819). The policy of containment was the idea that the United States should use military force and give economic aid to countries in order to strengthen them against the Soviet Union (Ayers 819). This idea would affect the decisions and policies of presidents for years to come. As the first President of the cold war era, Harry S. Truman set the standard for

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