They were neither secure in their parent’s home not in their husband’s home. They were facing the sexual and physical assault, which kill their voices and their interest to live their lives. Even when celie give the birth to the babies of her father, her father take them away from her. She not only face the pain of being raped by father, giving birth to his baby, but she faced the pain of motherhood, when she want to kiss her baby but her father snatches and pretended to kill them.she also encounter the rape after her marriage, with her husband, who don’t care about her emotion and the pain which she feel. But the arrival of shug, in her life, change her life.
Alice Walker is one of the best known of African-American writers. In 1982, Walker published her most famous novel, The Color Purple. The novel is written in an epistolary form. Ita has also been made into a movie by Steven Spielberg and into a musical. The novel primarily focuses on the problems that the African-American women faced in the 20th century in the south of the United States depicted on the example of Celie, who came through a number of events and finally managed to self-actualize herself in a world that was hostile to her.
For one thing, with the success of Katherine V. Forrest’s Kate Delafield series, lesbian detectives were characterized by an established lesbian identity, amateurs as detectives and emphasizing the significance of female relationships, and consequently, such genre of crime fiction was recognized by the society (Reddy 200-01). For the other thing, from the 1990s (Reddy 201), female writers and women detectives of color appeared on the stage of the feminist crime fiction. It is demonstrated by the author that these black female writers made giant effects on this genre, especially in the aspect of changing the traditions made by white feminist writers, such as including racial and class issues (Reddy 202). Hitherto, colored female writers have presented their characteristics of depicting “black female consciousness”, introducing “the intersections of race and gender”, having “interest in colourism”, and so forth (Reddy
She doesn’t have anyone to love her and she doesn’t love any one. Had Celie not been sold into marriage, she would probably still be at home getting raped by her “father” and we wouldn’t know Sofia or Harpo in the story. All of the tribulations of Celie’s childhood show how life was back then for some families. The tragedies of her childhood shaped the meaning of this work as a whole tremendously. She survived being raped by her own father, becoming impregnated twice, and being sold off into marriage as if she were worthless .
Virginia Woolf 's extended essay, A Room of One 's Own explores the social implications of gender and authorship. Through her partially fictionalized narrative, Woolf examines the spaces for women in fiction - both historical and contemporary - to move the reader through a succession of images meant to focus their attention on women 's potential in the creative sphere. Despite the fact that Woolf 's A Room of One 's Own was published in the wake of women 's suffrage and thus embodies contemporary cultural concerns surrounding gender, it was not considered an inherently feminist text by herself or her critics. And yet, the legacy of Woolf 's essay has allowed it to stand in as a touchstone of feminist literary criticism for almost a century. Officially published in 1929, A Room of One 's Own was built out of a series of lectures on women in writing presented to audiences at Newnham College and Girton College -
Chapter- 1 Alice Walker’s explosive epistolary novel which made her the first African American woman writer to win Pulitzer Prize. The Color Purple discuss the issues of wife abuse, incest, lesbianism, suppression, and dehumanization. The protagonist of the novel, Celie writes letter to God, Nettie to her sister Celie and vice versa. The letters disclose the injustice women suffering from men in United States and in Africa. This novel accounts Celie’s development from a dependent, conquered personality to an independent, liberated woman with purpose and determination.
Themes in Alice Walker the Color Purple Introduction Alice walker is the author of the color purple; the novel was released in 1982 and has won two major awards, which are, best fiction from the national book award and the Pulitzer award for best fiction (Alsen, 45). The book has since been adopted into musical and film while retaining the same name. The book focuses on African American women’s lives in the southern state of Georgia (LaGrone, 53). Moreover, the book paints a picture of how low the African woman is regarded in the social culture of Americans. Alice walker is not only known as being an Afro-American writer but is known for her use of dominant themes.
Morrison seeks to produce literature especially of black and explores the distortion of reality by dominant group for their vested interests. Exploring the complexity of black female experiences in black and white society, she is concerned with the idea of ‘a black community’ – how it was, how it has changed and how it should be maintained. Toni Morrison can easily be read as a black feminist author. She was influenced by the ideologies of women’s liberation movements. When the problems of black women were not addressed by the white feminists as well as by Black arts movement and the civil rights movements, Black feminism emerged which emphasizes the need to include the racial and cultural differences within feminist arguments.
womanist is to feminist as purple is to lavender. (xi-xii) ‘Womanism’ does not divide black society from within on the lines of gender but, stands for integration and has faith in the wholeness of the society. Throughout her literary career Alice Walker delveddeep into the oppression and victimization of African American women and this also forms the basic structure of the novel The Color Purple which has ‘womanism’ as its basic theme. To quote Krishna Mohan Mishra the novel; . .
It is also a journey of Celie’s transformation, of empowerment, from her struggle with the misogyny and racism surrounding her. The film’s themes provide an interesting narrative on the feminist philosophy, specifically black feminism. Black feminism is defined as a strand of feminist thought which highlights the multiple disadvantages of gender, class and race that shape the experiences of non-white women. Black feminists reject the idea of a single unified gender oppression that is experienced evenly by all women, and argue that early feminist analysis reflected the specific concerns of white, middle-class women. Black feminism argues that sexism, class oppression and racism are interrelated factors that need to be overcome by black women and can also be defined as a process of self-conscious struggle that empowers women and men to actualize a humanist vision of community.