Railroad Strike of 1877 1877 In the late nineteenth century, the railroad industry was booming. But it’s growth was followed by labor arguments, including the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. This strike was the first major rail strike, and it was disputed with enough violence to bring in various state militias. The Strike began when northern railroads cut salaries and wages because they still felt the impact of the Panic of 1873.
Many of the workers in the field were getting little or no pay. Plenty of men suffered through the hard conditions of coming to a new country, so they could raise money to take care of their families. Caesar saw that many workers were not getting paid enough for their working labor. Chavez joined a committee to start a boycott so that men working in the fields could get paid well.
When the strike succeeded, membership expanded drastically, and the organization grew from 100,000 to 700,000 members (American Labor: 1865-1900). Some groups are known for their protests, but unions also tried to work together to create a stronger
*Pullman Strike * The Pullman Strike was widespread by the United States railroad workers, approximately a quarter-million worker were on strike at the peak and it impacted the expedition the railroad system across the states. The strike between the American Railway Union and George Pullman changed the course of future strikes when President Grover Cleveland ordered federal troops to break up the strikers; its influenced how the federal government and the court system would handle labor issues. The labor issues during the Pullman Strike were not limited that of rights of the workers, the role of management in the workers private life, and the roles of government resolving labor conflicts. Pullman planned communities for his workers how he determined
The Homestead Strike, which culminated with a day-long gun battle on July 6 that left 12 dead and dozens wounded, led to a wave of de-unionization.
The President and the Supreme Court continued to intervene with the continual struggle between labor and employers. The American Railroad Union had been broken up after the injunction. Workers that were affected in the strike had depression and could not find jobs. Companies were affected because they had difficulty finding workers who would work under their conditions. The wages were very low and that made it hard to
Coal mining in Cape Breton is an important piece of history, it gave many men, young and old, secure jobs. Jobs that also meant endangering their lives every day as they went into the mines, possibilities of dust explosions threatened them daily along with unknown threats to their health, breathing in the dust from the mines would build up and cause serious long term lung diseases. Taking jobs in the mines meant being put in a company town, leaving them little to none free choice of their own, also taking the job meant being paid very little which resulted in hunger and poverty among the miners, and when striking against the company for more money and more power over their own lives it resulted in extreme police brutality towards the miners.
Another result of the Triangle Factory fire that resulted in change in the American workplace was the attempts of labor unions and strikes. Prior to the fire, in 1909, one of the more notable strikes dubbed the "Uprising of 20,000" was organized primarily by female immigrant garment workers because of the awful conditions, long hours, and low wages they were made to work in due to the lack of options available to them (Pool, 2012). The primary challenge was to get attention paid to the mistreatment of immigrant workers. While there were short term agreements for their demands, the strike ultimately failed, however where it did succeed was exposing poor working conditions and stirring a debate about what counted as public and private (Pool,
Factories were paying far too little for someone to feed their whole family for that little, so many either would die or would turn to crime to survive; these laborers wanted equality. Men, women, and children were working and got employed in factories to work, and the dangerous and strenuous labor that children were put through to help the family expense caused many young children to die. Workers individually could not stop corporations, but collectively they could make an impact on their wages. The corporations eventually had to succumb to the pressure of labor supplies because the National Trade Union convinced the majority of the labor force to work from 12 hours a day to 10 hours. After the labor unions won, workers worked less, and they still had the same salary.
Once he sparked the idea of the strike, more people joined him and took a stand against all the inequality Aboriginal people were facing.
Profits for the farmers were getting smaller and smaller due to the increase in prices for the goods to be sold. These farmers believed in many different things- they believed in rules and regulations for the road (which included the fact that the government should control the railroad), lower tariffs, and that money should be based off of silver standard. For the industrial workers, their working conditions were not ideal. Each worker did not get paid nearly enough to support them and their families, even though they worked ten plus hour days, six days a week. Workers were not paid for sick days or injury.
The historical cowboy strike of 1883 was led by Tom Harris, a ranch hand at the LS ranch in Tascosa, Texas. Harris was tired of being controlled by ranches that were owned by corporations only interested in monetary wealth, specifically five major ranches: the LIT, the LX, the LS, the LE, and the T Anchor. Additionally, the ranch owners were establishing new rules that did not allow cowboys to receive calves as part of their pay, brand mavericks, or run small herds on their employers’ land. Many cowboys felt cheated by these new laws and believed that they solely benefitted ranch owners (Zeigler).
The coal miners also went on strike because of their health problems from coal mining because a lot of coal miners got Black Lung disease from mining in the coal mines. I remember in my Appalachia Studies class talking about this disease and the health problems of the coal miners and how mining corporations wouldn’t give the coal miners compensation for their health issues. Having prior knowledge of this issue made me wonder if the mining corporations really cared for their employees the answer is no. I discovered this answer from the documentary film, Blood on the Mountain in one segment were one of the owners from the mining corporation Massey, was interviewed he claimed that his employees got fair compensation, but the answer is no according to my Appalachia Studies class and the documentary
Every year, on the first Monday of September, workers around the nation take the day off and relax. The origins go back to New York, 1882. However, the Pullman strike of 1894 was one of the most significant events that led to Labor Day being a national holiday. When railroad workers went enraged by the poor treatment from their boss, George Mortimer Pullman, they protested against their boss. He required his men to live in what was known as Pullman city, and he would not provide basic utilities. Inability to complain about work, low wages, and charge for necessities that they thought should have been provided by Pullman all caused rage in the employees. An economic depression made life more difficult for Pullman’s employees, because They quit their jobs and sought to get fair treatment in the work environment.
Although the postal strike seemed to have caused a negative impact on society in 1970, it also brought about positive change for the future and it made working conditions for postal employees a more viable and desirable workplace. When union groups vote to strike it is vital to make sure it is done in a manner that is not going to jeopardize the workforces employment or job security. There are legal and just ways to go about organizing a strike that will allow one to return to their position once the grievances are presented, negotiated and agreed upon. All tactful negations have proper guidelines and steps to follow in order to resolve issues and to a good outcome for all parties involved.