The literature of America has undergone radical change since it’s beginnings with the puritan tradition. This rapid development has essentially been driven by a “desire” for a new literary “expression of American identity” and “artistic independence” from Europe, which was the center of world power and culture in the nineteenth century . In 1837, Emerson demanded that an end be put to America’s dependence on and “long apprenticeship to the learning of other lands” and encouraged his contemporaries to think with their own minds . In order to truly understand the spirit of a nation, one must look to its artists writers and philosopher, especially those of reputation and influence within the nation itself . The works of Walt Whitman and Louisa May Alcott were heavily influenced by the changing atmosphere of the nineteenth century with its new emphasis on self and society .
The American intellectuals,like Malamud, for instance, denounce collectivism. Furthermore, American Experience places the accent on the individual safeguarding his separate identity though he is of different racial origins. The American intellectuals who value American Experience recommend new conditions of life, which, they argue, ensures one’s identity. One enjoys the identity only if one can remain the same, notwithstanding the varying aspects and differing conditions of life. The title story, “THE MAGIC BARREL”, of Malamud’s prizewinning first short fiction collection, THE MAGIC BARRELis one of most frequently discussed works of short fiction.
They preferred, according to William K. Wimsatt, Jr. and Cleanth Brooks “the primitive, the naïve, the directly passionate, the natural spoken word.” Wordsworth argued that there should be no difference between the language of prose and that of poetry, thus defending his use, within the Lyrical Ballads, of the everyday language of the middle and lower classes. Wimsatt and Brooks write that “Wordsworth 's primitivism was part of a general reaction, setting in well before his own day, against the aristocratic side of neo-classicism.” But where Wordsworth associated poetic diction with artifice and aristocracy and his own poetic language with nature and democracy, Coleridge saw the issue differently. “To Coleridge it seemed more like an issue between propriety and impropriety, congruity and incongruity. In effect he applied the classic norm of decorum,” according to Wimsatt
In the light of an Enlightenment era radical ideas were nothing new, however radical ideas against the British government (and the european lifestyle in general) were dangerous. The founders were directly influenced by the enlightenment, Thomas Jefferson even had paintings of Locke, Bacon, and Newton in his home. The Colonists of that day, especially the learned men were raised to believe that founding a government was one of the greatest things a person could do. Thomas Paine wrote “We have it in our power to begin the world over again.” The American revolution started as an Enlightenment movement, guided by Enlightenment principles, and brought about by the Children of the Enlightenment. The Revolution began as an infringement on the rights of English citizens, not American rights.
Princess, a daughter of monarch, and Kings. The Middle Ages was a violent period for the Europeans. It happened after the start of the Renaissance.” “European thinkers, writers and artists began to look back and celebrate the art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome. Accordingly, they dismissed the period after the fall of Rome as a “Middle” or even “Dark” age in which no scientific accomplishments had been made, no great art produced, no great leaders born. The people of the middle Ages had squandered the advancements of their predecessors, this argument went, and mired themselves instead in what 18th-century English historian Edward Gibbon called “barbarism and religion.” (Middle Ages.
Religion Is Not Always as It Should Be During the early twentieth century, Samuel Taylor Coleridge began his quest to strive to create works of literature for the common man; an ambition that was rare among his contemporaries. In 1800, he published "The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere," a poem immersed with didactic and religious undertones. Since Coleridge intends to use this poem as a lesson for his reader, the common man of the 18th century, he demonstrates that religion works in unexpected ways, and religious repentance is ultimately not a complete vindication of sin. Specifically, in lines 264 to 283, Coleridge dictates both a bizarre and disheartening account of religion by using obscure imagery, peculiar word choice, and a unique rhyme scheme. His stylistic choices proceed to not only raise doubts about the preconceived concepts of prayer and religion, but also act as a religious deterrent to the reader.
One of them is “ 'Abbotsford and Newstead Abbey '” which Irving wrote after his visit to homes of Walter Scott and Lord Byron as a mark of admiration of his friends. Washington Irving is the author of “An Unwritten Drama of Lord Byron”. It had been written based on plan of poem which Byron intended to write under the influence of Calderon’s drama, Spanish play. Since Byron’s Lordship did not know Spanish, it would be better to note the role of Shelley in introduction of it to Byron. As abovementioned the idea came from Spanish play, but there are several critical disputes around the title of the drama because Lord Byron mistakenly entitled it as Embozado or Encapotado.
CIA II The Man Who Shot the Albatross Name: Sanjana Berry Class: TYBA Roll number: 226 UID number: 120017 Course Code: ENG.6.01 The Romantic movement is often looked upon as a reaction against the Enlightenment 's focus on the logical in favor of the purely emotional. It was deeply rooted in the Enlightenment 's focus on reason, and often portrayed love as tormented and unreachable. The best way to describe the Romantic movement is as "the rebellious child of the Enlightenment". The Romantic era spanned approximately 1798 to 1832, although many contemporary scholars extend the dates to varying degrees on either end. The movement arose during a time when print culture was continuing its sharp rise.
When explaining the basic notion of multiculturalism, owe are talking about national identity and the way in which cultural diversities were being governed. National identity is a form of identification which begins with appreciating folk culture, cultural artefacts and the landscape around us. (Storey, 13) The notion of the national identity would be, as Storey mentions, the notion of “Britishness” (13). Some basic features of identity would be: The Act of Union in 1707- united England and Scotland; invention of the national hymn in 1745- God Save the Queen and the national emblem in 1801- Union Flag. The conflict with France was one of the most important factors in the creation of British identity.
Hero and Leander is one of his most famous narrative poems that was published in 1598, however because of Marlowe’s mysterious early death, it was unfinished until George Chapman continued the poem and finally finished. Hero and Leander was one of his best works in the nineteenth century which became his best discovery of love genre and change his life from an unknown and unread poet to an exalted position as a precursor or near equal of Shakespeare (William, 1969). This love included a romantic poem which also one of the characteristics of literary works in the Elizabethan era. As the historians state that the reign of Queen Elizabeth I can be depicted as a golden age in English because she realized the importance of arts to the life and legacy of her nation. As the result English greatest playwrights, authors, and writers were actively produced their literary works ‒ including Christopher Marlowe ‒ in different genre, though the most