Causes Of Depopulation In China

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Depopulation is a term that is used to describe the decline in the population of human beings because of several factors. This decline has created an undesirable impact on the society. Some of the common factors that cause depopulation include violence in the society, an outbreak of diseases, or other catastrophes. Most countries have also faced depopulation as a result of famine, sub-replacement fertility, and heavy immigration. During the 19th century, diseases, lack of food, and emigration, mainly caused depopulation. A long-term depopulation is typically as a result of infertility among the people in the society and additionally net immigration rate that does not compensate the increasing death rates. Population aging characterizes this…show more content…
The decline in population in this country was achieved by dictating the number of children a family should have. This however has faced critics from various people as well as religious leaders. At the present age, the Chinese population is increasingly aging, and China is currently opting to ease strict policies, for example, forced detention and abortions especially when mothers get pregnant for the second child by mistake. With study done by United Nations World Population, the depopulation strategies put in place by Chinese government led to tremendous impact to its economy (Chand et al. 2014). The government imposed a one-child policy for a period of four years though it is currently seen to bend its policy. Given a steadfast rise in the aging population in China, some regions m the county, for example, Beijing is considering allowing the families to have a second child. Reports have indicated that China managed to avoid approximately 400 million births and this is the highest ever recorded in the world. The effect of this policy led to unbearable consequences. Undoubtedly, the depopulation policies introduced by the Chinese government was for a reason (Chuan-kun,…show more content…
Depopulation has been greatly contributed by low birthrates in the country, and this has led to declining population over the last years. It is worth noting that Germany records the least birthrate globally. Research conducted between 2008 and 2013 pointed out that birthrate stands at 8.2 per a thousand population. Infertility has also contributed greatly towards depopulation in Germany. From history, it is indicated that after the World War II deportation occurred in Germany and most of the people were deported to occupy Poland. This significantly shrunk the population of Germany. Another reason for depopulation is deaths that are naturally caused and others caused by wars. Rising life expectancy has also contributed to depopulation in Germany (Barabasch,
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