Returning to national identity, Smith names the fundamental elements of this concept as following: «a historic territory, or homeland; common myths and historical memories; a common, mass public culture; common legal rights and duties for all members; and a common economy with territorial mobility for members» (1991: 14). Smith (ibidem) does not clearly distinguish between the nation and national identity, for they both are complex constructs comprising various elements, «ethnic, cultural, territorial, economic and legal-political» (Smith, A.D. 1991:15), with the community being based upon collective solidarity resulting from shared traditions, symbols and memories. Therefore, national identity is of multidimensional character, on the one hand standing the territorial-civic, and on the other hand the ethnic-genealogical components. Essential to mention is that the national identity is not embraced by its members on the same level, and often the perceptions of the public is different to certain extent from that of political elites (Kaufmann 2008). Collective identities are felt on different levels on the European continent, comprehending local and regional, national and global, and since the creation of the European Union also a European identity.
Let us examine the realist and constructivist approach to anarchy. Realism focuses on the theory self preservation and that rules are created by governments to protect its people which would also help prevent conflict. However international politics can not be credited with this. (Lebow, 2007) Waltz argued that the continued lack of ‘world government’ leads to violence between states. It seems to be the common belief among realists that because there is no clear authority that governs states on a global level, thats where anarchy exists; violence is always a constant possibility as each state strives for self preservation.
One main theorist Durkheim (1858– 1917) argued that members of societies need to feel a sense of belonging to a larger community and a shared identity (Billingham 2015). Another functionalist, Parsons (1902– 79), highlighted the importance of socialisation in creating a value consensus within society. He saw institutions such as education, media and religious organisations as working together to transfer shared norms and values to each generation ensuring stability and continuity in society (Brisbane 2015a). Marxism is a conflict theory that believes that most societies have social inequalities
But they are also a type of identification with strong emotional references and various expressions. National identity is a result of continuous processes of identification with the nation and the feeling created from this identification. This definition is quite artistic, but also accurate. National identity does not defined in relation with particular features that may has, as their presence is a matter of historical, political and other circumstances. In contrast, emphasizes the subjectivity of the process of identification, as well as the fact that the identification with the nation defined by the delimitation of the nation.
The boundary between Germany and France is artificial and yet in both these countries there are very strong nationalities. Where there is no national home or no hope of securing one it is difficult to acquire or develop the spirit of nationality. The gypsies have never had a settled adobe, accustomed as they are to wandering from place to place. Naturally marked geographical boundaries are an immense aid to nationality owing to various reasons. In the first place geography and climate have a definite bearing upon the character and physique of a people.
We are here only because our motherland is here. Patriotic is a kind of nobility emotion, it is the responsibility that cannot be banished, The scientific connotation of patriotism. Patriotism reflects people 's deep feelings for his motherland, reflects the personal relationship of the motherland is interdependent, unify people belonging to their homeland, racial and cultural sense of identity and sense of
b. Sports There's no denying their wild connection to rugby as a rule and their strong All Blacks (current Rugby World Container holders) specifically. Be that as it may, New Zealanders are interested in pretty much any game that gives an aggressive display. Rugby alliance is solid and they have their own proficient group (The Warriors) contending in Australia's NRL