At first, most Republicans supported Johnson’s reconstruction policies. The goal was to restore the South and bring the states back to the Union. The new president would strive towards a speedy restoration of the states that seceded. It was as if they “had never truly ‘left’ the United States of America.” To start off, the new president had the former Confederate states acknowledge and ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which officially abolished the institution of slavery. The end of slavery saw the rise of the Black Codes in the South.
In fact the civil war broke out 6 weeks after he took office. Lincolnshire party's anti-slavery outlook struck fear into many southerners. Lincoln won all the Northern States and was mainly against three things, war, the states having more power than the nation and slavery. Lincoln did not campaign in Southern States and as a result did what the South always feared, their population being bigger gave them more electoral power. ( Source F) The Southerners feared that the Republicans would completely abolish slavery however Lincoln said he would not interfere with slavery where it already existed.
The American Civil War that was started due to the controversy over slavery in 1861, was won by The Union supported by President Lincoln against the Confederate states. President Lincoln’s original goal during the civil war was to reunify the nation as quickly as possible and help both sides come to an understanding. After the Civil War ended in 1865, the newly formed United States’ reconstruction era began. The Reconstruction era was put into effect by the Congress in 1866 and lasted until 1877. The Union’s victory in the Civil War had given African Americans a new sense of hope, devastated the southern economy, and eased the history of disunity in American political life.
After the massacre happened, slaves were seen as a threat, and the white population became extremely afraid and cautious of their actions. The relations between classes became tougher and much more strict. Slaves were seen as a potential threat, which could revolt and continue the revolution previously paused by the government. In addition, a few white people who previously questioned slavery now changed their perception and saw it as something beneficial, as it could restrain Africans from acting freely; therefore, dangerously. However, the rebellion caused many people who were in favor of slavery, and also against it, to unite in a common fear, a bigger consent, which affected all white people in America.
As a result, States created their own constitutions about abolishing slavery. Before the Civil War, many people fought back and forth between sides of slavery. The United States’ creation of the Thirteenth through the Fifteenth Amendments was an influential compromise between United States and slavery because it challenged current society, abolished slavery, and created an equal country. Throughout the world’s history slavery was there. There were slave traders that captured and sold the slaves.
Slavery in The Civil War The American civil war from 1861 to 1865 divided many people in the United States, even turning brother against brother. There were also great amounts of bloodshed and was one of the bloodiest wars in the US and left a heritage of brief and bitterness. And the basis of this war, slavery, slavery is usually very cruel and has been around since early man. Their were two sides to this war, the North and the south. The North consisted of 19 free states in which slavery was prohibited and in the South 15 slave states which could own slaves.
They did so by passing laws that helped protect those who used to be slaves, also known as “freedmen”, as well as to those who were already free before the war in the South. Although some African-Americans still faced some discrimination, the Reconstruction Era marked progress — African-Americans were even granted the right to vote. However, in the 1870s, with the help of rebel groups like the Ku Klux Klan and the White League, who intimated African-Americans from voting, the Democrats gradually regained power in the Southern states. These Southern Democrat governments, who were very angered by their defeat in the Civil War, and who held White supremacism beliefs, then scraped the freedmen protection laws and legislated Jim Crow laws, segregating the population in an attempt to disenfranchise and maltreat African-Americans. The segregation laws were named after the fictional blackface character Jim Crow played by Thomas Dartmouth
Though the Reconstruction era offered many positive changes, I do think that it had its share of both success and failure. The Reconstruction era ended separation between the North and the South, as previously, the South had wanted to be separate from the North. The economy in the South became devastated because there were less people to work on plantations. A large racist group, which was very popular back then known as the KKK became more involved in the South, being fueled with hatred towards blacks and whites who supported civil
The South would end up rejoining the Union as a crippled, angry population. This is not the outcome the Union had hoped for. Sherman’s march through the South abused the innocent in order to punish and eventually defeat the guilty. He ruined the lives of many civilians in the South and generations of southern civilians to come. This punishment of the whole population showed that Sherman had no interest in a united country.
We are so full of ourselves that we start to lose our sense of of respect for anyone that is different or better than us then sooner or later, we start seeing them as the weaker and lesser individuals. This kind of mindset had provoked a conflict between two races, the blacks and the whites. The Americans thought too highly of themselves and started enslaving the African Americans in 1620 until the 1865. That lasted for a dreadful 245 years. Enduring all the discrimination from the Americans the African slaves were fed up with them and tried to fight and regain their freedom from slavery.