The intricate concept of belonging is one of a complex nature, that can be developed and formed within an individual’s identity in accordance to an amalgamation of attributes; such attributes include people, places, societies and the larger world. These attribute are often influenced by context. When a coalescence of these features is beneficial to an individual, a sense of belonging is generated, creating acceptance and union within them. On the other hand, when these features are detrimental to an individual, a sense of belonging, or in this case, lack thereof, is produced, forming solitariness and seclusion within them. Though the notion of belonging may stimulate ideas of inclusion and involvement, some texts may choose to depict decisions
The main objective of the paper is to discuss that whether having a sense of being different makes it difficult to belong or not. This essay will discuss this sense of belonging and in that way some arguments will also be discussed in the essay. Thus, a critical review will be done in order to get understanding of sense of belonging in two different ways. Discussion Every human has his own, singular, unique information: from physical features in the hair, colour of eyes, hands, face shape, even the psychological and the character, hobbies, fears, tastes. All these features result in infinite combinations it is making possible that there can be two equal human beings.
The focus of the circumstantialism approach is not of the ethnic groups that are involved but more on the external circumstances and conditions that shape ethnic identities. The circumstantialist account argues that people emphasize their ethnicity when it is advantageous (Verkuyten 2005/2012: 84-85). The primordialism approach emphasizes the emotional and imperative nature of ethnicity and has a focus on the sense of ethnic identity within the internal dimensions (Verkuyten 2005/2012: 86). It argues that ethnicity is often something meaningful and the ethnic actors tend to perceive themselves and the world through a primordial lens (Verkuyten 2005/2012:
This essay will discuss the significance of language in formations of ethnic and national identities in modern context, as well as the reciprocal relationship between language development and identity formation. Tajfel (1979) proposed that the groups, which people belonged to, were an important source of pride and self-esteem and defined social identity as ‘part of an individual’s self-concept which derives from his knowledge of his membership in a social group’. Thus, one’s identity may entail ethnic, national, religious aspects and so on. Identity is constantly interactively constructed on a microlevel, where an individual’s identity is claimed, contested and re-constructed in interaction and in relation to the other participants (Norris 2007:657). During this process, the tool of communication and interaction is undoubtedly languages of respective groups.
Self-concept refers to one’s theory of own attitude, behaviour and thoughts which forms a sense of identity and defines the objective self (Epstein, 1973). Despite being a persistent core of one’s self-identity, the self-concept interacts with social interaction such as social comparison and evolves over time (McConnell, 2011). Besides forming one’s self-concept and self-esteem, social comparison also influences previously established self-concepts (Marsh et al., 2008). Furthermore, studies have place emphasize on self-concept and self-esteem, as these aspects have been found to affect interpersonal relationship and communication with others (Beebe, Beebe, & Redmond, 2014). To investigate my self-concept, this paper will begin by describing my self-concept followed by explanations of social comparisons in shaping self-concept and lastly describing how self-concept and self-esteem impact interpersonal relationships.
Analysis: Personal Space, Schramm’s Model and Social Penetration Theory Looking deeper on E. Hall’s model of proxemics, personal space is dependent on the relationship of both the speaker and the audience; the relationship is founded on the common experiences between the two. Having said those facts, Hall’s model of proxemics is strongly related to Schramm’s model of communication. W. Schramm’s model of communication states that for every communication transaction happening, there is always a common field of experience between the speaker and the audience. It is represented by a venn diagram which signifies each other’s identity. The overlapping area at the center of the venn diagrams is the common field of experience.
The concepts in ethnic such as ethnicity, ethnocentrism and discrimination can detrimental to the integration of patriotism toward Malaysia. The stages of ethnic relation in Malaysia has transformed from segregation to amalgamation. At the beginning stage, the relationship among race or ethnic during the “Colonial”time has the effect of separation especially in education system,career and communication. Then in a process where each noticed their own value of their own social norms to upkeep their strong belief of their own cultural and living. This stage of the process known as accommodation.
Another pair of concepts that developed parallel to multiculturalism are ‘interculturality’ and ’interculturalism’. Interculturality refers to some cognitive, relational and institutional processes that are involved in the interactions between cultures (Bourse 2008), and interculturalism to its translation in politics. The intercultural-concepts differ from the multicultural-concepts to the extent that they consider an interaction between individuals (defined by their personal characteristics rather than by their group affiliation) and imply a relation to otherness (Bourse 2008). In this view, multicultural-concepts refer to an objective reality and intercultural-concepts to the subjective experience of it (Bourse 2008). Both of them are worth analysing since they carry a different ideology.
Different things require a specific criteria for determining its self and personal identity. Hume explores the conception of personal identity, memory, and cause and effect. He explains the reasoning why we relate objects to certain conceptions as well as to why we think causes are linked to effects. Also, Hume does not agree with Locke’s theory about experiences determining your self and personal identity. I personally do agree with Locke’s theory because I have had some experiences in my life that I believe have shaped my true self and personal identity.
In psychology , the ethnic idebtity emerged in the social identity theory 2 The affirmation of ethnicity has been proposed to be more salient among groups who have faced greater discrimination, in order to maintain self-esteem. The ethnic identity is emphisisd also by the aligience or the acceptence of a certain cultural behavior under a collective identity . This colective identity is due to the individual menbership to a society and also the influence of the familly culture and the group that shar the same culture , language and custums. Identity in genaral and ethnic identity specifically saw salient devellopment during the adolescent perieod as stated by Erick Erickson . According to Erickson's psychological approach to identity, all humans face a specific crisis of identity development, however, during the adolescence periede this crisis is severe and would lead to the clash between identity and self role .