The first, and some would argue the only necessary, reason for the supremacy of Islamic government is the fact that it Islamic law is the comprehensive, divine law of God. The fundamental difference between the laws of liberal democracy and that of Islamic government is that the laws of democracy are simply laws made by men. It is folly to believe that laws made by imperfect men are superior to the divine ordinances of God . Khomeini believed that the path to happiness began in the implementation and following of God’s divine law . The fact that Islam is comprehensive means that God as already provided for every aspect of human life including government and society.
Liberalism in Islam opposing the Principles in Al Quran Al-Qur 'an acts as a constitution and it is the highest source of Islamic law. All other sources, Ahadeeth, Fiqh, Seerah, Tareekh, etc. will serve only as a commentary and useful aids in following the constitution that is the Qur 'an. Nothing can be equal to the words of Allah. In some issue, the Al-Quran is silent about it.
Recorded experience gives the base, Allama Iqbal gave it a philosophical explanation, Quaid-e-Azam made an intrepretation of it into a political reality and Constituent Assembly of Pakistan by passing Objectives Resolution in March 1949 gave it legitimate assent. It was because of the acknowledgment of the muslims of South Asia that they are not quite the same as Hindus that they demanded seperate electorates. However when they understood that their future in "Democratic India" ruled by hindu greater part was not safe they changed their interest to a seperate state. A profound investigation of the historical backdrop of this area demonstrates that the contrasts in the middle of hindus and muslims are not bound to the battle for political supremacy but rather are likewise showed in the conflict of two social orders and human rights equity. Inspite of living together for more than one thousand years they keep on creating diverse society and customs .
Other Important matters concerning Islamic Jurisprudence: (fiq , fatwa) Other important matters concerning Islamic Jurisprudence would include the Fiqh and Fatwa. Fiqh means the knowledge about Islamic rulings from their sources, people try to understand the divine law, Shariah, of which is infallible. Fiqh is fallible and changeable, it is distinguished from al-fiqh, the methods of legal interpretation and analysis. Fiqh is the product of application of uaul al-fiqh, the total product of human efforts at understanding the divine will. A hukm is a particular ruling in a given case.
Islamic Law, in its general standards and individual statutes, tries to understand its essential goal of setting up equity on the establishment of monotheism. Monotheism isn't simply lip benefit. It is acknowledged through activities that check the calling of confidence. These activities must involve completing the rules of God and avoiding what God has precluded. This is an aggregate duty of Muslim society.
Importantly the likelihood that states citizens will commit ICC crimes varies considerably between states, and so they will view the ICC through different glasses. The concept of sovereignty is based on a presumption that each and every sovereign state has certain unchallengeable rights inherent to statehood. Sovereignty is however subject to recognized limitations imposed by the International law. It implies “international independence and the right and power of regulating internal affairs without foreign friction”. Therefore according to that,” absolute sovereignty has never existed” and no state has entire independence of others.
They respect their god more than anything and believe that people live to obey god. The main practices of Islam focus on the five pillars of Islam: Declaration of Faith, obligatory prayer, compulsory giving, Fasting in the month of Ramadan and Pilgrimage to Mecca: which include several holidays and rituals. Beliefs are important to Islam. They mainly care about the right beliefs about god, the right beliefs about humanity and the right beliefs about the universe. Something that Islam, Christianity and Judaism have in common, is that they all believe that there is only one god (which makes them monotheistic), which obviously lead to conflicts between the religions.
Sovereignty for states could mean two things: either in relation to the government within its territory or its relationship with other states. All international laws are drafted in such a way that that the sovereignty of states is preserved unless it involves an issue considered to be a threat to international peace and security. International Criminal law is embodied in the form of treaties and customs that all states have agreed to adhere to however, in exercising their sovereignty, states are only obligated to adhere to statutes or treaties to which they are signatories. Now, the ICC is obligated to deal with matters regarding genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity however, it has been criticized on the basis that since it is an independent entity, it has powers to supersede the sovereignty of states. “Senator John Ashcroft, a US Foreign Relations Committee Member and later the Attorney General in the George W. Bush administration, has argued that a criminal court will comprise sovereignty in a fundamental manner” (Wind, 2009).
The proposed notion of religious feminism appears to aim for what I define as “negotiations with patriarchy” rather then a direct fight against it. Thus, it suggests that women’s rights could be compromised in favour of some religious views and traditions. Discussing Islamic feminism as an example of the notion of religious feminism, Hammed Shahidian argues that “If by feminism is meant easing patriarchal pressures on women, making patriarchy less appalling, ‘Islamic feminism’ is certainly a feminist trend. But if feminism is a movement to abolish patriarchy, to protect human beings from being prisoners of fixed identities, to contribute towards a society in which individuals can fashion their lives free from economic, political, social, and cultural constraints, then ‘Islamic feminism’ proves considerably inadequate. I define feminism in these latter terms, and for that reason, I consider ‘Islamic feminism’ an oxymoron”.Women in Iran: Emerging voices in the women's movement, 202, paye