1. Analyze the success and failures of the following types of diplomacy: Big Stick, Dollar and Moral Diplomacy. The end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century was known as the Progressive Era in the United States. Inside the country, social and economic reforms would come to define the period, but outside the country, America’s economic and military powers were being used in diplomatic negotiations to expand the country’s influence. The United States saw it necessary to keep up with European powers in Asia, especially in the Manchurian region of China and at the same time avoid foreign intervention or investment in Latin American markets.
The BWI sugar industry initially saw little competition but France through their economic cheat code of St. Domingue soon over took control of the sugar market of the Americas. This had a considerable impact on the decision to implement the abolition of the slave trade ad the British looked to an early end to the trade and the forced implementation of waged labour would have destroyed the French and Spanish sugar industries. This resulted in great loss not only from the initial loss of the replenishable supply of labour but
America had to intervene so they decided to support the South. They stationed troops in the South and provided them weapons. Neither Johnson nor John F. Kennedy could bring an end to the war, they either did nothing or added onto what was already happening. When Nixon took office he had it set. Nixon was the president to actually have the two come to terms and sign a treaty.
Railroads became more widespread in the United States after economic damages caused by the Civil War. The Civil War was caused by the secession of the Southern States due to controversies over allowing slavery in the United States. The North did not want slavery while the South depended on inexpensive slave labor for its agrarian society. As a result of the Civil War, the South’s economy was crippled since it could no longer depend solely on cotton as a result of slavery being outlawed in the 13th Amendment. As a result of the crippled economy, the South needed to be “reconstructed” meaning that it had to diversify its economy beyond agriculture.
The main causes of the first and second Opium Wars were, therefore, the declining economy and the crippling social problems encountered in China. The result of the first Opium War was the unfair Treaty of Nanjing, whilst the second Opium War gave rise to the Treaty of Tianjing. China suffered great economic and social hardships due to the entrenched opium addiction amongst its people. As Britain had been supplying large amounts of opium to China, the Chinese government imposed a significantly higher tax rate on opium imports, in an attempt to suppress opium consumption in China. However, many foreign countries, especially Britain, continued to take advantage of the Chinese’s addiction to opium, and illegally sold even larger amounts of opium to China.
America was focused on Latin America and Asia; thus, it had no interest in European problems. America continued to remain impartial and trade with all countries, but soon enough America was pulled into the war. Because the country was now occupied by immigrants, it faced cultural ties. At the beginning of the war, President Wilson decided it would be best to remain neutral. But, British propaganda was trying to convince Americans to join the war and become their allies.
The United States of America failed in preventing the Communist takeover of Vietnam and had to reexamine its policy and initial involvement in the region. All around the world including UNO criticized the American involvement in the Vietnam War. Failure of US in this war was a big setback for the American hegemony. After that incident, USA never tried to use the forces in Southeast Asia. In case of North Korea also it is using diplomacy policy and trying to solve the issue with the help of dialogue because they are well aware that, military action may lead to Vietnam II.
It denounces the unacceptable attitude of the King and the British nobility towards slavery. Through his writings, and despite being a slaveholder himself, Jefferson severely condemned the enslavement of African Americans in Northern States (but he would paradoxically allow it in the Southern States). Upon reading the excerpt above, the Congress decided to remove it from the Declaration. Why? Many landowners still used slavery for the cheap and quick labor it provided.
To make more profits, the wealthy plantation owners in the South started to force slaves to labor on the plantations. As a result, slavery became an important part in the southern industry, which also led to the controversy of the slavery issue. Furthermore, the different economic system between the two camps widened the economic gap between the North and the South. While the former enjoyed more economic development and profits, the latter suffered seriously from economic losses. Another factor led the inevitable war was the social difference between the
Ottoman was raw material producer such as cotton and silk, so the Empire’s goods lost value. The Empire exported silk and cotton but imported final product from Europe of this materials with huge difference prices. In this part Ottoman Empire integrated to world economy. However it had pressure on the Empire economy. In the late nineteen century, Ottoman’s trade deficit was high.