Animal testing has been around for centuries. Early scientists performed experiments on animals to test out certain medicine and surgical procedures before applying them to human patients. Animal testing eventually became a huge controversy in the following years. The ongoing animal testing debate has caused many journalists to write their own point of view on the entire controversy. Journalists such as; Iza Iglesias and Lorna Collier.
“The greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated,” a quote from Mahatma Gandhi. Animal testing has been around since ancient times with the Greek and Romans. Aristotle and Erasistratus were the first documented to perform experiments on animals between the years 384 and 258 BCE. Since the 1600’s, many people have debated on whether it is morally correct or wrong to test on animals. While testing on animals might help humans slightly, is it what we should do?
Imagine an enraged animal rights activist charging toward a scientist in a white lab coat, desperate to free the little mice that are being used as test subjects. Although comical, this scene may be quite accurate when describing the passion that animal lovers have when it comes to the touchy subject of animal testing. For centuries, animal testing has been used in the medical research field, however many are now beginning to question whether it is ethical. Millions of animals are killed per year due to animal testing, so is this practice worth banning? Animal testing is a controversial subject, with supporters pointing out the medical advances that have stemmed from animal research and animal rights activists declaring it cruel and immoral.
“No matter whether it’s someone from the political left or right, we just need a voice to stand up and defend animal rights” a quote from Brigitte Bardot on animal experimentation. Animal experimentation has been going on for over 300 years and this is just what has been recorded in records. There are many types of test performed on animals:Draize Test: A laboratory test in which a cosmetic or drug is dropped into a rabbit 's eyes, which are held open with clips, to determine the level of irritation. Named after John Henry Draize, a twentieth century pharmacologist with the United States Food and Drug Administration. Also there is the LD50 Test: A toxicity test used in animal testing that is performed until 50 percent of the animals are dead.
Animal testing goes all the way back to the writings of the ancient greeks when different scientist performed experiments on a variety of animals. Even before many of the scientist, there was Claude Bernard in his introduction to the study of experimental medicine (1865). Bernard
Now in United States, more than 70 percent of the cows are bred through artificial insemination. In 2001, FDA started analyzing the animal cloning, and the scientists of FDA approved the sale of food from animal cloning as completely safe on January, 2008. Moral issues arise as a result of animal cloning, and people do not buy cloned food items citing moral reasons. They consider animally cloning is morally wrong. Animal cloning is not natural, and moral concerns arise with animal suffering to create clones.
Every year, millions of animals were suffering or killed due to scientific research. Some animal rights groups suggest that we should ban animal experiments because use animals for experimentation is cruel and animals should have the same right of living as human beings. A report from U.S. Department of Agriculture shows that more than 100 million animals are killed in U.S. laboratories for biology lessons, medical experimentation, and chemical, drug, food, and cosmetics testing. There are some other people believe that the death of animals will help and save millions of human lives. Personally I believe that the experimentation on animals for scientific and medical should not be stopped.
Images of sentient animals, like primates, rabbits, mice, and birds, has driven opponents to acts of terrorism in the defense of animal rights (Pilkington, 2015). Animal research can be traced back to the third century BCE, when animals were used by Egyptians to study bodily functions (MacKinnon, 2015). Aristotle conducted animal experiments to learn about physiology of animals. Strong opposition to animal experimentation has existed since the 19th century and continues today. (MacKinnon, 2015).
We All Have Rights Did you know that about over 100 million animals are burned, crippled, poisoned, and abused in US labs every year. The reason these animals die is because they are experimented on but half of the time the experiment does not even work. Scientist use animals for medical research to try and find a cure for a disease. All different kind of animals are tested but mostly they are mice, rats, monkeys, and rabbits. Scientist test all different kind of drugs on the animal to see if they can cure the disease the animal has, if it works on the animals it might have a chance to work on humans.
And I also made a vow that I was going to stop it, not just at my medical school, but at every medical school.” (“The End of Animal Laboratories in Medical Student Education”) He was so determined to make sure that no other animals were harmed and were willing to do anything to achieve this goal. He spent 30 years of his life towards the refinement of animal experimentation. He founded the physician's committee that would soon be very helpful to not only what he wishes for but others as well. The author of the article “Animal Experimentation” writes “In the late 1950s, two British biologists developed a set of guidelines for the humane treatment of animals used for experimentation. These guidelines became known as the three Rs—replacement, reduction, and refinement—and developed into the central principles of the treatment of animals used in research.” (“Animal Experimentation”) the three R’s are a very important part of the reform of animal research.