The Consequences Of Child Abuse: The Four Causes Of Child Abuse

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THE FOCUS OF PREVENTION IN CHILD ABUSE RESEARCH: THE JOURNAL OF CHILD ABUSE & NEGLECT IN REVIEW (VOLUME 33:2).

INTRODUCTION
Child abuse is a global problem, deeply rooted in culture, economic and social practices. According to the World Health Organization (2002), an estimate of about 57 000 children were victims of homicide in the year 2000. With the highest rates of fatal child abuse being found among children aged 0-4 years. The common fatalities were from head injuries, abdominal injuries and intentional suffocation. The world health organization (2002) also states that deaths are just the tip of the problem here because millions of children fall victim of non-fatal abuse and neglect every single day. Many being subject to psychological/emotional abuse as well as neglect, but the true extent of the abuse is not known.
The World Health Organization (2002), drafted the definition of child abuse or maltreatment as being “the constitute of all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of relationship of responsibility, trust or power.”
The above definition mention four types of abuse; which are namely the physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect. Dworkin (2011) states Physical abuse of a child as “those acts of commission by a caregiver that cause actual

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