One can keep n number of opinions judgmental about others, express them as disapproval but the moment one denies their right to exist in its own world, he is hate speech. For example, I dislike hizab, its Hindu version 'pallu', for personal reason on views about women. It is in my right to free speech to share why I think what I think and appreciate those who agree with me, but the moment I become so aggressive in myself righteousness that I declare all those who don’t agree with me are either Satan or Demon or backstabbers or apostates etc, I am threatening right of others to live in their world, I am denying peaceful co- existence. Same thing applies to people who would promote
Hate Speech What exactly is hate speech and is it protected by the Constitution? Hate speech is a claim against someone or a body of people if that person or body of people are saying something that the one who makes the claims disagrees with as a way to silence the opposition by making them look bad. What is hate speech? Well according to amerca.org "Hate speech is speech that offends, threatens, or insults groups, based on race, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, disability, or other traits." Hate speech is not hate crime.
Hate speech is concerned with any speech act, gesture, conduct, written or graphic form of communication which is judgmental and pejorative towards a person or a group in regard to race, gender, disability, sexual orientation, nationality or religion. The most infesting form of hate speech incites violence. For Rita Whillock and David Slayden hate speech is an operational tactic and rhetorical tool of persuaders. They claim that hate may be used to dominate the opposition by rhetorical force. Whillock and Slayden claim that hate speech is employed to “polarize particular groups in order to organise opposition, solidify support and marshal resources toward forcing a ‘final solution’ to a thorny problem” (Whillock, Slayden, 1995: xiii).
Hate crimes have been a long-lasting reality in the United States beginning in the nation’s history with eradicating Native American populations, slavery, and xenophobia. As a result, forty-five states have adopted hate crime laws to combat organized hate groups from preying upon the most vulnerable groups in society. Hate crime laws provide special protections to the groups that are most frequently targeted by hate crimes including African Americans, LGBT, Jews, and Muslims. Although there has been much debate over what groups should be protected by hate crime laws, evidently there are groups that have been historically targeted at a much higher rate than others. Hence why most states exclude other groups that are not in as much need for protections in hate crime legislation.
Prejudices and hate speech have been around since the beginning of human society. The effects have been long recorded, analyzed, and documented. Hate speech can have a toxic effect, and cause victims to self hate. Constant verbal pollution in school can also affect students. Students have mainly reported incidents of hate speech about their race, next ethnicity, then sexual orientation.
The author strongly agrees that the freedom of expression is crucial part of democratism. It is true that that we should be very careful that the restrictions should not be misused by the government. Hate speech banning should only protect racial, religious, and gender minorities, and the author strongly claims that attacking the authorities in words should not be considered to be hate speech. To avoid abuse of power, first of all, it is required for the government to define what exactly hate speech is and what is not. Secondly, the government should see the other countries like Europe which implemented the restriction of hate speech as a
By allowing people to express their hate in the form of speech, it would decrease the overall happiness of the majority. I think that in such cases the harm principle fails to clarify in the different kinds of speech that should be allowed. The freedom of speech is clearly important in a society to express themselves, but there are limits. The role of government should then be to protect our right to free speech and to control hate speech, which is harmful to
Hate crimes do not say they only protect black people, or transgender people. They protect every sexuality. It would not just protect homosexuals or bisexuals, it would also protect heterosexuals. If a crime was committed against a heterosexual, because they were heterosexual, then the hate crime laws would apply to them as well. We are not saying one group of people is more important than another.
According to Gerstenfeld, hate crimes “may or may not include sexual orientation, gender, national origin, physical or mental disability, age, or political affiliation.” Some argue that every group should be protected by hate crime legislation, but this runs the risk of watering down the significance of such protections. The groups that are most frequently targeted by hate crimes including African Americans, gays and lesbians, Jews, and Muslims should be prioritized over other groups. Historically, the most targeted groups in the United States are African Americans, LGBT community, Jews, and Muslims. These groups are undoubtedly in the most need for protections provided by hate crime laws. A suiting definition for hate crimes is an adaptation from Gerstenfeld chapter 1: The Whys and Hows of Hate Crime Laws: crimes that are committed based on the race, religion, ethnicity, and sexual orientation of the victim.
In Robin Lakoff’s “Hate Speech”, Lakoff claims that not everyone is able to understand hate speech because not everyone goes through it, or they don't find it a big deal because it doesn't happen to them. Someone might claim that they know that hate speech doesn't happen that often but, what is hate speech? Hate speech is to “promote violence” and it is “created by people who are a majority of the population; directed toward people who are a part of a minority population.” (bsu.edu). The First Amendment allows people to speak what they want, and express themselves. Hate speech destroys the First Amendment because it doesn't allow a person to express their free speech.