Relationship Between Income Inequality And Crime

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Income difference among unequal societies is one of the major issues in today’s world and presently, this difference widens in fast rate. Indeed, money plays a key role in life of every individual, however it could negatively influence to aspects of human right. Inequalities in the distribution of wealth and income have increased gradually in United States over the last 40 years (Oishi et al. 2011, 1096). The general way of measuring income inequality is the Gini coefficient, which concludes the level of inequality in one number. According to Zagorski et al. (2013, 1105), income gap illustrates negative impacts on peoples’ overall subjective well-being and subjective financial quality of life. Consequently, the poor and rich division may lead to escalation of common problems, which ruin the social balance among people. This project will argue the outcomes of income inequality on social cohesion and discuss its some specific damaging consequences, such as violence crime, alcohol, drug and cigarette addiction and social mobility.…show more content…
Many experts on sociology, criminology and economics have interested in concept about the association between income inequality and crime. The influence of income disparity on crime depends on variable determinants, such as country, level of inhabitants and demographic condition. For example, urban areas, where population is overcrowded maintain high rate of violence. The two main categories of crime classified as property and violent crime. Researches on connection between crime and economic factors have shown that effects caused by violent crime distinguish from effects caused by property crime. By studies of Rufrancos et al. (2013, 21) it has proven that property crime robustly linked to changes in income difference. For instance, Dahlberg and Gustavsson (2008 quoted in Rufrancos 2013, 7) evaluated that enlargement of poor and rich salary distinction to one per cent leads to an increase in percentage of burglary and auto theft levels to 1.1 and 1.8, relatively. Furthermore, studies in England and Wales have revealed that as a consequence of going up income difference amount of burglary, robbery and other thefts extend according to 90/10 ratio from 1974 to 2005 (Witt et al. 1998 quoted in Rufrancos 2013, 7). Unfortunately, findings on violent crime liable to be more entangled and there happened some misunderstandings between analyzers. Agreeing to researches
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