They use deceptive language to ensure that they cover up some mistakes that could make them guilt nature. Thus, the deception is designed to benefit the characters through drawing attention away from their suspicious activities. In Hamlet, the entire story revolves around Hamlet’s dilemma of means to murder his uncle, whilst being deceptive enough; therefore, that no one finds out regarding the cost. Claudius utilizes deception to protect himself from being jailed for his crime of murdering the King. Claudius says that “ To our most valiant brother…” demonstrates that he was not remorseful regarding his brother’s death and may be covering up the reality that he murdered him (Hamlet 21).
Also in the story, hamlet, Hamlet 's uncle was trying to be innocent and act like he is the a honest king, but everyone knew he wasn’t. His uncle killed hamlet 's father and also poisoned the tip of a sword to kill hamlet and tried to poison a drink, but he didn’t drink it his mother did.
Hamlet's overthinking and inaction led to several unnecessary murders. Hamlet knew that Claudius is guilty, yet he still wants to make sure, therefore Hamlet made a play that played out the exact way that Claudius had killed King Hamlet. Hamlet had done this in order to watch how Claudius reacts to make sure that Claudius is the one who murdered his father, “I’ll observe his looks, if he do blench, I know my course” (Ham.2.2.583-585) “Now might I do it pat, now’a is a-praying. And now I’ll do’t” ( Ham. 3.3.72-73), Hamlet says, as he is debating whether or not to kill the king as he prays and thinks to himself if he kills him now then the king will just go to heaven because he is praying.
Caesar is too egotistical and ambitious and chose to ignore the Soothsayer: "He is a dreamer; let us leave him: pass," (Shakespeare 1.2.110), while Oedipus took it the oracle very seriously and fled Corinth: "I heard all that and I ran. I abandoned Corinth," (Sophocles Line 876). Another similarity is that both Oedipus and Caesar were caught in a series of situations, which eventually lead to their demise. Oedipus kills an old man without knowing that he had just fulfilled his fate by killing his father on his way away from his adopted parents. Caesar was driven by his ambition and arrogance that he ignored the warnings by the soothsayer and his wife, Calpurnia, to walk into his death at.
/ Up, sword, and know thou a more horrid hent” (Ham.3.3.85–88). By not taking advantage of the opportunity, Hamlet once again delays in fulfilling his vow to his father. Although, he is given a perfect opportunity to kill Claudius, his tendency to overthink often causes him to procrastinate in fulfilling his responsibility, therefore, becoming his major flaw. Another element of the Aristotelian tragic hero is the reversal of fate, or rather a change for the worse. He does possess the potential to claim the throne, restore order in the kingdom, and to keep his family in power of the crown.
Also, Hamlet notifies Horatio of his desire to murder the King and the sneaky idea to recreate the murder of his father via a play while watching King Claudius’ reaction III.ii.49-67. Horatio is around Hamlet while he speaks to the ghost and hears the devious plot to murder Claudius, yet he never concludes that Hamlet is mad. King Claudius states that many of the citizens of Denmark love Hamlet; this is shown with the players cooperation to Hamlet. He acts them to act out some extraordinary things when reenacting the murder of his father. I think it is noteworthy that the players never question Hamlet’s crazy ideas and how he wants them to act.
The rest of the play questions Hamlet’s motives and whether he is, indeed, mad or acting. He’s convinced Claudius of his madness, although he knows not of his fate he delays the King’s murder. He goes into the duel, where he meets his destiny against Laertes with a poisoned sword. Manipulation exists throughout Hamlet from the prince acting mad to Claudius killing Gertrude. Claudius manipulated Hamlet by convincing Laertes to duel him a poisoned battle.
Perhaps this was intended to show his another role in this drama, to show the real nature of Oedipus it self. Despite only appeared in one scene of the drama, his conversation with Oedipus in the scene I has a great impact to Oedipus as he does to the main plot. in the play, Oedipus was provoked by Teiresias tenacity of not speaking the truth and then blindly accused him as a mad man and blame him for his fate as Oedipus assumed the prevision as a curse spelled by Teiresias [page 56, right column, line 41]. Teiresias hinted that Oedipus himself as the cause of the pledge by mentioning Oedpus’ parents [page 57, left column, line 37 & right coulmn, line 16]. That is showing that Oedipus was indefendanble and ignorant about his own fate.
The deceit that is practiced is imposed on others as well as self inflicted ultimately leading to a tragic ending. In this play, the characters choose to be deceitful instead of being truthful when getting their way. The irony is that deception is used to find the truth by these characters. There are many examples of deceit in the play, most notably by Hamlet, Polnius and King Claudius. Hamlet uses deception
In order to execute his plan, Hamlet pretends he is going crazy, so Claudius would not suspect of him. Claudius is not completely if Hamlet is faking his insanity or not, so he sends people to watch Hamlet 's every move while Hamlet watches him simultaneously. Gertrude calls Hamlet to her room in order to figure out what is wrong with him and they have a heated discussion which included briefly discussing her sexual life. In this scene, Hamlet kills Polonius thinking it was Claudius behind a curtain. Hamlet feels no remorse whatsoever after killing Polonius, even though he never had any proof about Polonius ' involvement in his father 's death.