The Consequences Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General assembly in 1948. Sixty- eight years after its issue, some individuals argue that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is still more of a dream rather than reality. Amnesty International’s World Report 2013 showed that individuals had been tortured in at least 81 countries, faced unfair trials in 54 countries and had been restricted in their freedom in at least 77 countries. So what are the consequences when a country breaches the law and what implications might this have on the enforcement? The United Nations is not a world government and can therefore not make laws. This is why The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is not a legally binding document. Many countries have, however, ratified it and adopted the declaration into their own law book. The United Nations has also developed treaties to further protect the people’s rights. These treaties include conventions which countries are invited to participate in order to sign and later ratify the topic of agreement. Not all countries have laws to protect their people’s rights and the ones who do sometimes fail to follow them. What if a state commits a crime? Who are in charge of the punishment or maintaining order? There is no “international police” so this is where the UN comes in. When the UN receives a complaint, an investigation is initiated. Depending on the issue, the UN can help with trials, financial aid or keeping the peace.

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