When the document was finally finished, the Second Continental Congress had voted to accept the Declaration of Independence. By then, they need to sign, but it was very risky. The British would call it a treason, and whoever signed could be hanged, and/or be charged with treason. However, the delegates were brave and
For example, Patrick Henry’s “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” speech is a key example. He uses very persuasive and to the point arguments such as when he says “They tell us, sir, that we are weak; unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger?” as he tries to convince the First Continental Congress that now is the time to strike back at the British. Another very article would be “Common Sense” by Thomas Paine. The structure of this article seems to be amazing because he writes an essay with such amazing attention getters to start each new paragraph.
This compromise helped give each state equal say in the government. As John Samples said to the Cato Institute in In Defense of the Electoral College, “ … the Electoral College makes sure that the states count in presidential elections… an important part of our federalist system - a system worth preserving… federalism is central to our grand constitutional effort to restrain power.” (Doc C). Since this nation is founded on federalism (the sharing of power between national and state governments), it only makes sense that each individual state would want equal say in the nation’s government. Samples knew that to keep the government running smoothly, each state needed equal representation in the government, thus the Electoral College. Along with keeping balance between the states, the Electoral College also helps keep independent parties under
The democratic and undemocratic features of colonial America were very apparent in that democracy as it was a work in progress. Although they were working out the issues, the colonists had some democratic features that were set and working. The rule of law describes that no person is above the supreme law. Everyone must obey laws; there is no supreme leader that can do anything they want. In Document 3: The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, it states “they shall have the power to call public officials or any other person into question for any misdemeanor and may with good reason remove or deal
Barber’s claim is sound because it agrees with the noble ideals set by our founding fathers and can be applied universally as every country naturally wishes to have a peaceful and educated society. Barber uses logic in arguing for mass public education, quoting two of the most influential founders of our democracy, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. Barber knows that in a democracy, the people decide what is best for the nation, and if the nation is uneducated they will make the wrong decisions. Jefferson and Adams warn about those “tyrannies” of an uneducated society, which is why Barbers claims are truthful that education allows people to “think critically and act with deliberation”(6). To answer the question of how a society achieves equality and opportunity for its citizens, one should totally disregard William A. Henry’s callous remarks and illegitimate claims in his essay, “In Defense of Elitism.” His reasoning for selective educational opportunities tries to divide our country, which will discriminate individuals, amplify class
Ultimately it allowed the founding fathers to recognized the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and fix the shortage of this prestigious paper. As the Constitution was ratified it offered solutions to all the problems the nation was facing and brought all thirteen colonies into one. The Constitution created a system that divided Congress into two houses, first the House of Representatives then the Senate. This helped give people from the smaller states a voice against the bigger states and its people, which lead for equal representation. The ratification also gave the central government more power while Congress gained the power to enforce good interstate relations and regulate trade being made.
Anti-Federalist (West). Cognizant of the sensitivity of the US political situation at that time, Alexander Hamilton led the Federalist Party, initially in secrecy, to promote the ratification of a new Constitution. Together with John Jay and James Madison, under pseudonym Publius, a series of 85 essays known as "Federalist Papers" were published in The Independent Journal, The New York Packet, and The Daily Advertiser. The papers aimed to promote the merits of the Constitution. They (in particular Federalist Paper No.
Hieu, I completely agree with your views on the two main struggles the Founding Fathers encountered while developing the foundation for this great nation. Your views on both taxation and the Shays ' Rebellion are very similar to mine. It 's crazy that a society in that time frame didn 't adopt the Europeans way of taxation, which evolved around the king and his government. Another good point you have is how it was up to the individual states to fend for themselves for protection. Where the thirteen colonies just finished working together to defeat Great Britain in the Revolutionary War.
The process of ratifying the constitution created a basis for feverish debate amongst the founding fathers. The delegates differing ideologies and beliefs created one of the first political parties in the new nation—the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Due to this political factionalism the inclusion of the bill of rights were ultimately added to the constitution and thus ratified by the minimum required of votes—nine out of thirteen states—in 1788. To understand how the constitution became to be, one must grasp the ideals that the federalist and anti-federalist stood for, how key figures such as Patrick Henry and James Madison contributed to the constitution, and why their contributions were significant. To begin, the Federalists were those who favored the ratification of the
In addition, I learned that our democracy was from the stimulating British monarchy with a goal of equality for all. With this in mind, none of what we have today as Americans would have been possible without our government and nothing would remain possible without our successful government. I also learned the American Revolution was a revolt against aristocracy. Lastly, I had no idea how hard these brothers fought for a sovereign nation before I read this novel. I also learned that John Adams and Thomas Jefferson had a very tough relationship at the beginning of the Revolution.