Kantian Value Realism In Kant's Moral Philosophy

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We have listed textual evidences that imply value realism in Kant’s moral philosophy. However, a number of doubts remain whether Kant endorsed realism or value realism. There have been lots of scholars working on these issues. Kantian value realism, I think most famously Alison Hill’ Kantian value realism, has been widely discussed for different purposes. Alison Hill in the article Kantian value realism, evaluates Korsgaard and Wood’s explanation of the construction of moral and non-moral value as a ‘regress’ argument (Korsgaard, 1996a: 119–124; Wood, 1999: 125–132). Hill begins with the source of non-moral values and terminates with the formula of humanity. Hill explains the value of our ends in the humanity formulation. Hill proposes that the source of value is the agent herself rather than else, which he named…show more content…
In chapter three we discovered that Rawlsian fairness requires that we give up our surplus to provide what others lack. This impartial perspective can only be achieved, however, under what Rawls terms a ‘veil of ignorance’ experienced by an autonomous legislator or an impartial spectator, respectively. Actually, Rawls argues at great length why we should accept the difference principle, namely because no one knows behind the veil of ignorance if he might end up as the least well-off, giving him a reason to adopt a risk-avoiding strategy, i.e. implementing the difference principle. It is prima facie unfair, according to Rawls, to allow the least-well-off to starve to death simply because of their own bad luck, which merely appears to point to ‘formal impartiality’ as ‘formally concerning for all’. In contrary, a just or non-formal impartiality might allow special consideration for persons who have traditionally been marginalized or subject to discrimination. Rawls comes to realize that the ultimate argument for the difference principle is a Kantian
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