They are tortured and are stuck in another pit, this time a pit of darkness. Level 9 (Cocytus) contains those who were traitors, such as Judas. Their bodies are stolen by reptiles. Satan (Dis) can be found in this level. He is covered in ice in the middle of hell and has three heads and contains bat
Dante enters the first round of circle nine, Caina, here are the people who were treacherous against their family, their punishment is to have their necks and heads out of the ice. This is Dante’s symbolic of the final guilt.“If I had rhymes as harsh and horrible as the hard fact of that final dismal hole which bears the weight of all the steeps of Hell.” Dante and
Satan (Lucifer), the chief of rebel angels to go against God, is the greatest villain with many tragic flaws of hubris. Satan is said to be the incarnation of evil as he is portrayed as subversion to christen believes of Felix Culpa. This believes says that whatever God does, does it for good. Whereas Satan goes against the Gods decision as a result of his revolution against God brings him to hell along with his other fallen angels. His revolution against God continues and provokes other rebel angels to fight against god with more determination and courage’s mind even if he is in hell.
Evil is an ever present aspect within the existence of humanity. Satan, a real and powerful being, constantly influences the world through his evil and manipulative ways in order to bring destruction and chaos to earth. Perhaps one of the most evil characters ever written about, Iago, from Shakespeare’s Othello, also portrays many traits that are similar to those seen in Satan. Throughout the Bible and throughout Shakespeare’s Othello, both Satan and Iago share many characteristics and differences of poisonous evil within their manipulative words, origins of jealousy, and their malicious acts, but differ in where this power comes from. Although many may not believe that Satan is a being present in the lives of all, the Bible portrays him as “the father of lies,” and a “thief” whose purpose is to steal, kill, and destroy (King James Version, John 8:44).
The prisoners receive a thematically equivalent punishment to their actions in their previous lives. As the deeper circles of hell are populated by the worst inmates, the concept of contrapasso elicits exceedingly jarring punishments the further Dante travels. The nine total circles of hell are large enough to populate a lifetime 's worth of the world’s sins. When Dante is introduced to the first circle of hell, reserved for pagans, it is clear that the inmates are bound eternally to live in the Inferno, for even those who did not conciously commit sin, are forced to stay in this realm. In his real life, Alighieri was highly vocal about political stances.
This meant that eventually, all sinners would be punished by God, which could be at any time. Edwards speaks of a wrathfull God, a God who by Puritan standards is considered forgiving for not letting all of humanity fall into the deepest pits of hell. Edwards reminds people that mankind is nothing compared to God and that that all of humankind is guilty and deserves to be punished. This appears similar to Bradstreet’s poem, but there are some
Down to the penultimate Canto, Dante meets the second pair of sinners bound together: Ugolino and Ruggieri. Ugolino bites the skull of Ruggieri—the vengeance that he badly wanted on earth is given to him for eternity. This image of Ugolino and Ruggieri reminds us of the image of Paulo and Francesca as the only sinners in Hell that are bound together. The juxtaposition of Ugolino and Francesca ultimately demonstrates two facets of love: A fatherly love that was rejected because of pride and a passionate love that was pursued despite its unlawful nature. (Inf.
“And every tongue, through utter drought, Was withered at the root; We could not speak, no more than if We had been choked with soot” depicts intense emotion by how nature will not always provide and the desperation of survival is close when in danger (Coleridge, Line 54-58). This follows the element of intense emotion as life is something people would protect with crush acts. "I never saw a circle of such hateful faces; and there was the man in the middle, with a kind of black sneering coolness—frightened to, I could see that—but carrying it off, sir, really like Satan” shows the evil within all people and how it can be drawn out through our actions (Stevenson,4) 4). The intense emotion shown in this quote shows that the hate in our hearts and the corruption that fills us may overtake our body and can be the voice
The level of hell that shows contrapasso in Dante’s Inferno is the 3rd level of hell which is gluttony. The guard of the third circle is the three headed dog Cerberus. He is best fit for punishing the souls because he has a swollen belly just as you can imagine a glutton would be. Also , his job is to howl to make the sinners deaf. For instance , Dante says“ Cerberus , monster cruel and uncouth , with his three gullets like a dog is barking over people that submerged “ ( Canto 6 line 15 ) .
Sin is a spiritual sword that is drawn against all those who undermine the word of God, which forbids them not to do certain things. Sin is essentially the worst enemy you would want not to come across because it will not hesitate to kill you. The devil will disguise this terrible enemy and label it all sorts of nice names. He would label sin freedom, sensuality, modernity, democratic right or the right to determine one’s path and so forth. When the devil hides sin in all these nice terms, he is hiding a sword that is about to devour you.